Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Evening Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG53] Science of slow earthquakes: Toward unified understandings of whole earthquake process

Wed. May 23, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Satoshi Ide(Department of Earth an Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Hitoshi Hirose(Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University), Kohtaro Ujiie(筑波大学生命環境系, 共同), Takahiro Hatano(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

[SCG53-P05] Shallow very-low-frequency earthquake activity in the Hyuga-nada region revealed by long-term ocean bottom seismological observation

*Yusuke Yamashita1, Takuto Maeda2, Saki Watanabe3, Tomoaki Yamada2, Masanao Shinohara2 (1.Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, 2.Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 3.Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University )

Keywords:Shallow slow earthquake, Ocean bottom observation, Hyuga-nada

The Nankai Trough is one of the most active areas of slow earthquakes. In particular, the western part of the area, which is called as Hyuga-nada, is characterized by high activity of the shallow slow earthquake and weak interplate coupling. In 2013, an ocean bottom observation illustrated the detail of shallow low-frequency tremor activity associated with the very-low-frequency earthquake (VLFE) for the first time in this region. The shallow slow earthquake should be a key to understand the occurrence of the megathrust earthquake and tsunami adjacent trench region such as the 2011 Tohoku earthquake.

To understand the characteristics of the activity in more detail, we started long-term ocean bottom broad-band observation just above the focal area of the shallow slow earthquake from 2014. During observation, we observed the two types shallow tremor activity: ambient tremor activity in 2014, 2015, 2017, and triggered tremor activity in 2016. The observation shows that the shallow tremor repeatedly occurs in the almost same area, but their activities were quite in variety. These tremor activities were also usually associated with VLEF in spatial and temporal. A predominate frequency of the VLFE recorded by ocean bottom seismometer was approximately 0.05 to 0.1 Hz and an apparent propagation velocity is 0.75~1.0 km/s, which is interpreted as the Airy phase of ocean-acoustic-mode dominant Rayleigh waves [Sugioka et al., 2012].

For more quantitative evaluation of shallow VLFE, we performed the moment tensor inversion under the point source approximation adopted by modeling seismic wave propagation in an inhomogeneous medium using a finite-difference code [OpenSWPC; Maeda et al., 2017]. We used a 2.5-D velocity structure model inferred from an active-source seismic survey in the Hyuga-nada region [Nakanishi et al., in press]. Although the observation was mainly short-period seismometer of dominant frequency with 1 Hz (Lennartz LE-3Dlite), the signal of VLFE can be recognized clearly after deconvolution of instrumental response. Preliminary results show an excellent fit between observed and synthetic waveforms at frequency band of 0.05-0.1 Hz, and moment tensor solutions show a reverse-faulting mechanism located near depths of plate boundary. The duration of moment rate function was at least 10 s that is longer than the ordinary earthquake comparing with approximately same magnitude.

Acknowledgments: This study is supported by the research project for compound disaster mitigation on the great earthquakes and tsunamis around the Nankai Trough region and JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP16H06473 and JP17K01328. We used the computer systems of the Earthquake and Volcano Information Center of the Earthquake Research Institute, the University of Tokyo.