[SCG53-P07] Activity of shallow low-frequency tremor in the Hyuga-nada, revealed by ocean bottom seismological observation
Keywords:Shallow tremor, Subduction zone, Ocean Bottom Seismometer
In this study, we analyzed data obtained by the 2016 observation for a period from January 2016 to February 2017. First, we visually selected tremor events from the seismic records because many aftershocks of the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake were included. During the observation period, shallow tremor activity was only found after the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake, which activity intermittently lasted for approximately two weeks until the end of April 2016. Comparing with the short period and broad-band seismogram, the shallow tremor and VLFE occurred simultaneously as was the case with previous activity in 2013-2015.
Next, we estimated the spatiotemporal distribution of shallow tremor hypocenters and source energy using hybrid envelope cross-correlation method [Maeda and Obara, 2009]. This method has advantages of simultaneous estimation of event location and released source energy. In addition, this method can be applied in the case of a network with a small number of stations. Generally, it is difficult to estimate precise location only using travel times when the number of stations in a network is limited.
Preliminary results show that the 2016 activity occurred the same area as previous activity in this region. Migration of hypocenters was not confirmed clearly during the 2016 activity, although that was observed in the 2013 activity. A released source energy of shallow tremor might be larger than that of deep tremor. However, more consideration for effect of thick sedimentary layer below a station is needed.
We will show the spatial distribution of seismic energy released by the shallow tremor activity in 2016. Next, we will apply the same analysis to the seismic data obtained by the long-term ocean bottom observation from 2014 to 2018 in this region.
Acknowledgements: This study is supported by the research project for compound disaster mitigation on the great earthquakes and tsunamis around the Nankai Trough region, and also by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP16H06471 and JP16H06472 in Scientific Research on Innovative Areas “Science of Slow Earthquakes” in the MEXT of Japan. We used the JMA unified earthquake catalog.