[SCG53-P19] Grain boundary sliding and antigorite CPO formation in antigorite schist from the Sanbagawa belt, SW Japan: implications for the slab–mantle boundary rheology
Keywords:Antigorite, EBSD, Grain boundary sliding
Here, we examine progressive development of Atg crystallographic preferred orienation (CPO) by using strain gradients preserved in natural serpentinite shear zones. Atg CPO were determined by EBSD analysis. In addition, aspect ratios of indivudual grains and changes in shape preferred orientation (SPO) were determined using EBSD mapping. The observed geometric changes were compared with chemical characteristics determined using EPMA analyses.
The Atg c-axes show a clear rotation towards the normal to the shear zone with increasing strain. The Atg CPO within the shear zone shows the b-axis of Atg aligned parallel to the shear direction referred to as B-type CPO or CPO-II. There is only limited evidence for internal plastic deformation of individual antigorite grains within the shear zone. In addition, there are no significant differences seen in the size, aspect ratios and major element chemical compositions of the Atg grains within and outside of the shear zone. Finite strain ellipses estimated using March’s model for passive rotation of elongate shapes show increasing strain ratios associated with progressive rotation of the maximum stretching direction towards the shear plane of the shear zone.
The above observations suggest reorientation of Atg grains occurred with increasing strain but without internal deformation or grain size reduction as would be expected for deformation by dislocation creep. Therefore, we propose the B-type Atg CPO, in this case at least, formed by mechanical rotation of grains associated with grain-boundary sliding.
Atg has a curved plate crystal structure and the b-axis of Atg is parallel to the basal plane and the fold axis of the crystal structure. The association of grain boundary sliding with the formation of B-type Atg CPO in the present shear zones is in agreement with the experimental observation that the low-friction direction of Atg is parallel to the b-axis. The development of similar Atg CPOs along the slab-mantle boundary in subduction zones could play a significant role in developing aseismic deformation associated with the slow slip events in the shallow mantle wedge.