Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Evening Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG53] Science of slow earthquakes: Toward unified understandings of whole earthquake process

Wed. May 23, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Satoshi Ide(Department of Earth an Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Hitoshi Hirose(Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University), Kohtaro Ujiie(筑波大学生命環境系, 共同), Takahiro Hatano(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

[SCG53-P19] Grain boundary sliding and antigorite CPO formation in antigorite schist from the Sanbagawa belt, SW Japan: implications for the slab–mantle boundary rheology

*Simon Richard Wallis1, Takayoshi Nagaya2,3 (1.University of Tokyo, 2.Tohoku University, 3.University of Southern California)

Keywords:Antigorite, EBSD, Grain boundary sliding

Large parts of the shallow hydrated forearc mantle are predicted to contain the high-T serpentine mineral antigorite (Atg). Atg shows strong elastic and frictional anisotropy. In addition, the presence of aligned Atg grains in foliated serpentinite causes a strong anisotropy in permeability. Identifying and quantifying the crystallographic alignment of Atg is therefore an important goal in studies of convergent margins. Natural and experimental studies have shown several different types of Atg crystal preferred orientation (CPO) patterns. There is also evidence for Atg CPO patterns formed both by crystal plastic deformation and growth in a preferred orientation. However, the conditions under which these different types are likely to develop are not well known.

Here, we examine progressive development of Atg crystallographic preferred orienation (CPO) by using strain gradients preserved in natural serpentinite shear zones. Atg CPO were determined by EBSD analysis. In addition, aspect ratios of indivudual grains and changes in shape preferred orientation (SPO) were determined using EBSD mapping. The observed geometric changes were compared with chemical characteristics determined using EPMA analyses.

The Atg c-axes show a clear rotation towards the normal to the shear zone with increasing strain. The Atg CPO within the shear zone shows the b-axis of Atg aligned parallel to the shear direction referred to as B-type CPO or CPO-II. There is only limited evidence for internal plastic deformation of individual antigorite grains within the shear zone. In addition, there are no significant differences seen in the size, aspect ratios and major element chemical compositions of the Atg grains within and outside of the shear zone. Finite strain ellipses estimated using March’s model for passive rotation of elongate shapes show increasing strain ratios associated with progressive rotation of the maximum stretching direction towards the shear plane of the shear zone.

The above observations suggest reorientation of Atg grains occurred with increasing strain but without internal deformation or grain size reduction as would be expected for deformation by dislocation creep. Therefore, we propose the B-type Atg CPO, in this case at least, formed by mechanical rotation of grains associated with grain-boundary sliding.

Atg has a curved plate crystal structure and the b-axis of Atg is parallel to the basal plane and the fold axis of the crystal structure. The association of grain boundary sliding with the formation of B-type Atg CPO in the present shear zones is in agreement with the experimental observation that the low-friction direction of Atg is parallel to the b-axis. The development of similar Atg CPOs along the slab-mantle boundary in subduction zones could play a significant role in developing aseismic deformation associated with the slow slip events in the shallow mantle wedge.