Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Evening Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG58] Investigation of inputs to subduction zones: Influence of tectonic processes on the incoming plate

Wed. May 23, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Makoto Yamano(Earthquake Research Institute, the University of Tokyo), Tomoaki Morishita(School of Natural System, Colleage of Science and Technology, Kanazawa University), Gou Fujie(海洋研究開発機構)

[SCG58-P05] Regional distribution of the incoming sediments along the Nankai Trough and its implications for the megathrust fault behavior

*Jin-Oh Park1, Tetsuro Tsuru2 (1.Department of Ocean Floor Geoscience, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 2.Academic Assembly, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology)

Keywords:Nankai Trough, incoming sediment, megathrust fault

The Nankai Trough is formed by subduction of the Philippine Sea plate to the northwest beneath the Eurasian plate at a rate of ~4 cm/y (Seno et al. 1993). Historically, large earthquakes along the Nankai subduction zone have occurred with a recurrence interval of 100-200 years. The reflection polarity of plate-boundary fault (i.e., decollement) has a regional variation along the entire Nankai Trough (Park et al., 2014): for example, reverse for Muroto transect, and normal for Kumano transect. This may be attributed to variations of subduction inputs composed of oceanic crust and overlying sediments of the Philippine Sea plate. Since incoming sediments may constrain strength of the upper plate and subsequent seismogenesis at depth, a study of the sedimentary structure and physical properties of the Nankai Trough sediments is crucial to figure out a mechanism of megathrust earthquake generation along the Nankai subduction zone.
In order to figure out structural and stratigraphic variations of incoming sediments along the entire Nankai Trough, we interpreted a number of 2D and 3D seismic reflection data that have been acquired by JAMSTEC since 1997. For lithologic and age controls of each seismic reflection unit, we used Ocean Drilling Program and Integrated Ocean Drilling Program NanTroSEIZE drilling results. Based on seismic reflection characteristics, we could identify five major seismic units from top to bottom: (1) trough turbidite fill, (2) upper Shikoku Basin sediments consisting of hemipelagic mud and volcanic ash, (3) middle Shikoku Basin sediment of volcaniclastics, (4) lower Shikoku Basin sediments consisting of turbidities and hemipelagic mud, and (5) oceanic crust of basalt. In particular, we recognize four different turbidite sediments underthrusting along the shallow decollement immediately beneath the Nankai accretionary wedge: eastern turbidite, central eastern turbidite, eastern upper eastern turbidite, and eastern lower eastern turbidite. Deep sea turbidite subduction may affect the decollement formation and Seismo-tsunamigenic behavior of the fault. In this study, we will show the regional distribution of the incoming sediments along the Nankai Trough and discuss its implications for the plate-boundary fault behavior.