[SGC46-P03] Cosmogenic beryllium isotope analysis of ice sheet dynamics, Adélie Basin, East Antarctica
Keywords:Holocene, Beryllium, Paleoclimate
One of the objectives of the IODP Expedition 318 drilling of the Wilkes Land margin was to obtain a high-resolution Holocene record of climate variability from the Adélie Basin. The location of core U1357A is ideal as it was not disturbed by either sea level change or glacial erosion during the past 10,000 years (Escutia el.al. 2011). This high-resolution record will aid in the assessment of EAIS dynamics during this period.
Cosmogenic beryllium isotopes (10Be) can be used to track the advance and retreat of the EAIS (Yokoyama et.al., 2016). Atmospherically produced beryllium collects on the sea floor during ice-free periods, whereas there is little beryllium found in sea floor sediments during times of ice cover. Due to the high resolution of core U1357A, we may be able to determine periods of seasonal ice cover as well as times with a more extensive ice sheet.
Using 10Be concentrations along with other proxies, such as radiocarbon dating, diatom abundance, ice-core records from Antarctica’s coastal ice domes, and other sediment cores from the East Antarctic margin, we will be able to constrain the movement of the ice sheet in this area on annual to decadal scale. With this information, we will be better able to judge the societal impact a changing ice sheet may have due to future coupled climate and atmospheric CO2 change.
Brinkhuis, H., Escutia, C., Klaus, A., Fehr, A., Williams, T., Bendle, J.A.P., Bijl, P., Bohaty, S.M., Carr, S.A., Dunbar, R.B., Gonzàlez, J.J., Hayden, T.G., Iwai, M., Jiménez-Espejo, F., Katsuki, K., Kong, G., Mckay, R., Nakai, M., Olney, M.P., Brinkhuis, D., 2010. Integrated Ocean Drilling Program expedition 318 preliminary report, Wilkes Land glacial history, Cenozoic East Antarctic Ice Sheet evolution from Wilkes Land margin sediments. Integrated Ocean Drilling Program: Preliminary Reports. 1-101.
Escutia, C., Brinkhuis, H., Klaus, A., and the Expedition 318 Scientists, 2011. Site U1357, Site summary. Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Volume 318
Taylor-Silva, B.I., Riesselman, C.R. Polar Frontal Migration in the Warm Late Pliocene: Diatom Evidence from the Wilkes Land Margin, East Antarctica, 2018. AGU
Yokoyama, Y., Anderson, J.B., Yamane, M., Simkins, L.M., Miyairi, Y., Yamazaki, T., Koizumi, M., Suga, H., Kusahara, K., Prothro, L., Hasumi, H., Southon, J.R., Ohkouchi, N., 2016. Widespread collapse of the Ross Ice Shelf during the late Holocene. PNAS, 113(9), pp 2354-2359.