[SGD02-P03] The study of satellite laser ranging observations application: LEO orbit validation and geocenter motion derivation
Keywords:SLR, orbit validation, geocenter motion
There are two major applications about SLR measurements, orbit validation and GM derivation. SLR observations to LEO satellites can provide an independent validation of the orbits determined from GNSS microwave observations. SLR allows an independent way of external orbit validation except for the internal validation. The distance between an SLR station and an observed satellite, given by the SLR measurement, is compared with the distance derived from station coordinates and a standard orbit. According to the results in this research, the cm-level LEO orbit validation can be achieved.
GM describes the difference of CF (Center of Figure) respect to CM (Center of Mass of the Earth System) due to the re-distribution and deformation of the earth system. Because satellite tracking data between ground stations and satellites orbit around the CM, GM is related to the realization of the ITRF (International Terrestrial Reference Frame) origin. In this study, GPS (Global Positioning System) observation data of IGS (International GNSS Service) and SLR (Satellite Laser Ranging) tracking data are applied to estimate the coordinates of observing sites on Earth’s surface. The GPS observing sites are distributed deliberately and globally by 15° ×15° grids. Meanwhile, two different global ocean tide models are applied here. The model used in ITRF comparison and combination is parameter transformation, which is a mathematical formula allowing to transform the different frames between ITRF and CM system. Following the parameter transformation, the results of GM can be determined.