Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Evening Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT22] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle in the Earth and Planets

Tue. May 22, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Tsuyoshi Iizuka(University of Tokyo), Hidetoshi Shibuya(Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Advanced Science and Technology, Kumamoto University), Taku Tsuchiya(愛媛大学地球深部ダイナミクス研究センター, 共同), Kenji Ohta(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

[SIT22-P23] Recycled Archean sulfur in the mantle wedge of the Mariana Forearc

*Shinnosuke Aoyama1, Manabu Nishizawa2, Junichi Miyazaki2, Takazo Shibuya2, Yuichiro Ueno3, Ken Takai2 (1.Niigata University, 2.JAMSTEC, 3.TITECH)

Keywords:Multiple sulfur isotopes, Mantle heterogeneity, Serpentinite seamount, Mariana Forearc

Non-mass dependent (NMD) sulfur isotopes in rock record is found in the Archean (>2.5 Ga) period, probably owing to the low oxygen concentration in atmosphere at that time (e.g., Farquhar et al., 2000). Recent studies reported NMD sulfur isotopes in sulfide inclusions in olivine within OIB, suggesting recycling of Archean materials in the mantle (Cabral et al., 2013; Delavault et al., 2016). However, sulfur isotopes in the mantle wedge is poorly constrained. In order to evaluate sulfur cycle in the mantle and incorporation of surface materials through subduction, we analyzed quadruple sulfur isotopes of dissolved sulfate in upwelling seepage fluids collected as deep as 202 mbsf (meters below the seafloor) in a cased hole near the summit of the South Chamorro serpentinite seamount in the Mariana Forearc.
Sulfate in the upwelling fluids show NMD (D33S ranging from −0.2‰ to −0.3‰ with analytical errors of ±0.01‰). These are unlikely to originate in typical sulfur components in the subducting plate, which is a mixture of sulfide in the MORB (D33S ≈ 0‰; Labidi et al., 2013) and sulfide produced by reduction of seawater sulfate (D33S > +0.05‰). Instead, it is comparable if Archean materials or the plume-related OIB is present in the mantle wedge beneath Mariana Forearc. Because NMD sulfur primarily originates in Archean sulfur, our results may extend the potential presence of recycled Archean materials in the upper mantle due to subduction of oceanic crusts in the Archean period or ongoing subduction of OIB seamounts abundantly exist in the Pacific Plate.

Farquhar, J., Bao, H.M., Thiemens, M., 2000. Atmospheric influence of Earth's earliest sulfur cycle. Science 289, 756-758.

Cabral, R.A., Jackson, M.G., Rose-Koga, E.F., Koga, K.T., Whitehouse, M.J., Antonelli, M.A., Farquhar, J., Day, J.M.D., Hauri, E.H., 2013. Anomalous sulphur isotopes in plume lavas reveal deep mantle storage of Archaean crust. Nature 496, 490-+.

Delavault, H., Chauvel, C., Thomassot, E., Devey, C.W., Dazas, B., 2016. Sulfur and lead isotopic evidence of relic Archean sediments in the Pitcairn mantle plume. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 113, 12952-12956.

Labidi, J., Cartigny, P., Moreira, M., 2013. Non-chondritic sulphur isotope composition of the terrestrial mantle. Nature 501, 208-+.