Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Evening Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT24] Probing the Earth's interior with geophysical observation on seafloor

Tue. May 22, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Daisuke Suetsugu(Department of Deep Earth Structure and Dynamics Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Guilhem BARRUOL(CNRS, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, France), Hitoshi Kawakatsu(東京大学地震研究所, 共同), Douglas Wiens(Washington University in St Louis)

[SIT24-P03] Shear wave splitting observed in the Ontong Java Plateau and adjacent regions

*Satoru Tanaka1, Daisuke Suetsugu1, Hajime Shiobara2, Hiroko Sugioka3, Aki Ito1, Takehi Isse2, Yasushi Ishihara4, Masayuki Obayashi1, Takashi Tonegawa4, Junko Yoshimitsu1, Takumi Kobayashi3 (1.Department of Deep Earth Structure and Dynamics Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 3.Department of Planetology, Kobe University, 4.R&D Center for Earthquake and Tsunami, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

Keywords:Anisotropy of the mantle, Ontong Java Plateau

We measured shear wave splitting of SKS, SKKS, and PKS phases observed at broadband seismic stations on the sea floor and islands in the Ontong Java Plateau (OJP) and adjacent regions. Due to high noise level, we could use only 3 deep earthquakes with magnitudes greater than 7 occurred in the south America. A bandpass filter with cut-off frequencies between 0.02 and 0.2 Hz was applied to the observed seismograms, of which frequency range is a bit lower than the usual for continental areas. By using the eigenvalue method (Silver and Chan, 1991; Helffrich et al., 2000), we tried to estimate the splitting directions and delay times. However, except for three stations, null or node with N-S and E-W directions were obtained or many cases. The directions of the nodes did not coincide with the absolute plate motion of the Pacific plate (WNN-ESE, Argus et al., 2011). The exceptions were observed at the stations located in the southeast margin of the OJP near Stewart Basin and Ellice Basin, which showed that the fast direction was NNW-SSE or N-S and the delay time was 1–2 s. These observations suggest that the directions of mantle flows below the OJP are different from those in the southeastern outside.