Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Evening Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-MP Mineralogy & Petrology

[S-MP37] Deformed rocks, Metamorphic rocks and Tectonics

Mon. May 21, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yoshihiro Nakamura(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Yumiko Harigane(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST))

[SMP37-P09] Factors controlling the coesite–quartz transformation in UHP eclogite: Effects of dislocations in kyanite

*Tomoki Taguchi1, Yohei Igami1, Akira Miyake1, Masaki Enami2 (1.Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 2.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University)

Keywords:coesite, kyanite, dislocation, UHP eclogite, FIB-TEM

Coesite is a key index mineral used to define ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) metamorphism. It generally occurs as inclusions in mechanically strong phases such as garnet and zircon (e.g., Parkinson & Katayama, 1999). However, host minerals develop radial cracks as a result of coesite being transformed into polycrystalline quartz (pseudomorphs). The amount of retrogression from coesite to quartz is typically unequal for each sample (Hacker & Peacock, 1994). It is possible that the presence of aqueous fluids at the inclusion–host mineral boundary and/or the exhumation rate of UHP rocks promote the transformation of coesite (e.g., Mosenfelder et al. 2005). Hence, the pseudomorphs could be useful for understanding the exhumation process of UHP rocks and the behavior of metamorphic fluids. In general, the progress of the transformation is affected by anisotropic stress within the crystal and the presence of defects like dislocations. However, little work has been done on nanotextural analyses of natural coesite and its host mineral. In this study, we carefully examined coesite and its pseudomorphs in UHP eclogites from eastern China and confirmed that relict coesite in kyanite had not transformed completely into quartz. Using Raman spectroscopy and the FIB-TEM technique, we described the micro- to nano-textural characteristics of the coesite and host kyanite.
The sample was taken from the Su-Lu terrane, Junan, Yangzhuang region, eastern China. Peak pressure and temperature conditions of 660–725 °C and 3.1 GPa were estimated by conventional geothermobarometry (Taguchi et al. 2016). Relict coesite inclusions were identified in (1) kyanite from garnet and (2) matrix kyanite. The results of the study were as follows. (1) Coesite inclusion in kyanite from garnet crystal: The presence of polycrystalline quartz grains and radial cracks in the host kyanite was not confirmed. Coesite under anisotropic stress was confirmed within the crystal and retained a maximum residual pressure of about 0.35 GPa. Our TEM observations also did not confirm quartz grains at coesite inclusion–host mineral boundaries. Dislocations were not confirmed in coesite, but many dislocations and sub-grain boundaries were developed in kyanite. The estimated dislocation density in kyanite was ≈108 cm-2, but the dislocation density adjacent to coesite inclusion–host kyanite boundaries was ≈109 cm-2. The high dislocation density region was located adjacent to a low residual pressure area of coesite. (2) Coesite inclusion in matrix kyanite: Microcracks were confirmed in host kyanite adjacent to the coesite inclusion, but polycrystalline quartz grains were not observed. Coesite exposed on the surface of the thin section showed released residual pressures. As is the case of (1), TEM observations did not confirm quartz grains at the mineral boundaries. Dislocations were also not observed in coesite, but many dislocations and stacking faults were developed in kyanite. The estimated overall dislocation density in kyanite was ≈108 cm-2, but a high dislocation density region (≈109 cm-2) was also present.
Menard et al. (1977) and Kerrick (1986) reported that the dislocation density in natural kyanite is <108 cm-2. This study showed that dislocation densities of kyanite with coesite are at least an order of magnitude higher than those reported for natural kyanite. The presence of anisotropic stress within the coesite might be affected by dislocations and sub-grain boundaries in the kyanite. Dislocation density is generally reduced during annealing processes, but our results revealed that all dislocations in kyanite had not uniformly recovered during the exhumation of the UHP rocks. This fact suggests that dislocations are one of the factors controlling the coesite–quartz transformation. In addition, we showed that kyanite can sufficiently act as a pressure vessel, even in the case of UHP metamorphism.