Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Evening Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-VC Volcanology

[S-VC39] Pre-eruptive magmatic processes: petrologic analyses, experimental simulations and dynamics modeling

Thu. May 24, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Michihiko Nakamura(Division of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Department of Earth Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Akihiko Tomiya(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Shanaka L de Silva (共同), Fidel Costa(Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanynag Technological University)

[SVC39-P02] Hydrous magma differentiation in deep crust recorded in melt inclusions in hornblende-bearing cumulate xenoliths from Ichinomegata Maar, NE Japan

*Yasuhiro Yanagida1,2, Michihiko Nakamura1, ATSUSHI YASUDA3, Takeshi Kuritani4, Mitsuhiro Nakagawa4, Takeyoshi Yoshida1 (1.Department of Earth Science Graduate School of Science Tohoku Univiersity, 2.New Energy and Industrial Development Organization, 3.Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 4.Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:hornblende fractionation, lower crust, cumulate xenoliths

The Ichinomegata maar, located in the back-arc side of the northeastern (NE) Japan arc, erupted calc-alkaline andesitic magma with abundant deep-crustal and mantle xenoliths ca. 60–80 ka. In this study, we show the relationship between the fractionated solids (i.e. cumulate xenoliths) and silicic melts differentiated at middle to lower crust conditions. We selected 16 hornblende-bearing cumulate xenoliths characterized by clear cumulus texture and divided them into 5 types (olivine-hornblende clinopyroxenite, clinopyroxene hornblendite, mela-hornblende gabbro, hornblende gabbro and leuco-hornblende gabbro) based on mineral assemblages. The crystallization sequence is determined to be olivine, spinel → clinopyroxene → hornblende, magnetite → plagioclase → apatite, based on the observation of texture and solid solution compositions. Of the 5 types of xenolith studied, the leuco-hornblende gabbro preserved interstitial glass and melt inclusions with silica content (SiO2) of 63.9–74.0 wt% and high water content (up to 8.1 wt%). Hornblende geobarometry indicates an equilibrium pressure of 0.39–0.64 GPa. The delay of plagioclase crystallization due to high water content characterizes differentiation of the hydrous arc magma. We successfully constructed an internally consistent differentiation model of the corundum-normative calc-alkaline trend to the silicic melt inclusion compositions, starting from an assumed primitive basalt via successive fractionation of calculated wherlite and cumulate xenoliths. In the middle to late stage differentiation, the dominant fractionation of hornblende gabbros efficiently increases SiO2 in the melt. The crystallization sequence and melt composition trend show very good agreement with the results of recent differentiation experiments at lower crustal conditions (Nandedkar et al., 2014, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol.). As for major elements, the silicic end-member composition of the Ichinomegata host magma overlapped with the melt inclusion compositions and thus was reproduced by the differentiation model. The Sr and Nd isotope compositions are also similar to those of the host magmas, suggesting the cognate origin of cumulate xenoliths. This petrogenetic relationship provides a rare opportunity to elucidate pre-eruptive magmatic activity in the deep crust of NE Japan arc.