3:30 PM - 3:45 PM
[G05-07] A Comparative Analysis of Ocean Literacy Coverage in the Educational Standards of Taiwan and the USA.
Keywords:Education standards, Geo science education, Ocean Literacy
According to the analysis, the average basic literacy concept, directly or indirectly addressed in Taiwan National standards is observed to be 13.3, in the NGSS (USA) is 11.3. It implies that Taiwan educational standards encompass more OL concepts than the educational standards of the USA. The National ocean literacy grade from “A” to “F” has been assigned to the countries depending upon the mean coverage value. The national OL grade “C” and “D” has been assigned to Taiwan and the USA respectively.
The study reflects comparative analysis of OL coverage among two above mentioned countries’ educational standards. Out of the seven essential principles of OL, principal number 6 and 5 are highly emphasized in the educational standards of Taiwan whereas in the educational standards of the USA principal number 2 and 6 are accentuated. This depicts that both the countries prioritize the concepts highlighting the interdependencies of the ocean and humans in their respective general education system. The findings expect to draw the attention of curriculum designer, marine educators and researchers across the world towards the status of OL in existing general education system of Taiwan and the USA by providing the reference.