Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

H (Human Geosciences) » H-CG Complex & General

[H-CG21] Climate-human system interaction

Mon. May 21, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A02 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Kaoru Tachiiri(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Tokuta Yokohata(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Katsumasa Tanaka(国立環境研究所, 共同), KIYOSHI TAKAHASHI(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Chairperson:Tanaka Katsumasa(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Takahashi Kiyoshi(National Institute for Environmental Studies)

2:45 PM - 3:00 PM

[HCG21-04] Reduced inequities in extreme climate hazards with the 1.5 ºC goal of the Paris Agreement

*Hideo Shiogama1 (1.Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies)

Keywords:climate change, Paris Agreement

Clarifying the characteristics of extreme events at 2ºC and 1.5ºC stabilizations is important for understanding the implications of the Paris Agreement. Based on large ensembles of multiple models simulating 2ºC and 1.5ºC global mean temperature warming, we show that frequencies of extreme hot days and heavy rains dramatically increase with a 2ºC warming. For example, about half of the world's population will experience a 1-in-10 year hot day event every other year at 2ºC warming. Using well-established inequity indices, we reveal that most affected regions largely coincide with countries characterized by small per-capita CO2 emissions (i.e., low responsibilities), high vulnerabilities and limited capacities for adaptation under poverties and weak governances. However, an additional half a degree mitigation can significantly suppress the increases in frequencies of extreme events in those regions, alleviating the inequities in the occurrences of climate-related hazards. This is the first study to investigate the inequities regarding the distribution of hot days and heavy rains with the goals of the Paris agreement and clearly shows the benefits of the 1.5ºC goal for enhancing climate justice as compared with the 2ºC goal.