Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

H (Human Geosciences) » H-CG Complex & General

[H-CG23] Turbidity current: from triggers for the generation to the depositional and morphological processes

Mon. May 21, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 102 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Miwa Yokokawa(Osaka Institute of Technology), Norihiro Izumi(Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University), Takeshi Nakajima(産業技術総合研究所地圏資源環境研究部門, 共同), Hajime Naruse(Department of Geology and Mineralogy, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Chairperson:Yokokawa Miwa, Izumi Norihiro(Hokkaido University)

2:15 PM - 2:30 PM

[HCG23-03] Carbon supply into the deep-sea Japan Trench associated with the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake

*A. Kioka1, T. Schwestermann1, J. Moernaut1, K. Ikehara2, T. Kanamatsu3, C. M. McHugh4,6, T. I. Eglinton5, M. Strasser1,7 (1.Institute of Geology, University of Innsbruck, 2.Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 3.R&D Center for Earthquake and Tsunami, Japan Agency of Marine Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), 4.Earth and Environmental Sciences, Queens College, City University of New York, 5.Geological Institute, ETH Zürich, 6.Marine Geology and Geophysics, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 7.MARUM – Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen)

Keywords:Japan Trench, Hadal zone, organic carbon, carbon cycle, sediment remobilization, The 2011 Tohoku-oki Earthquake

The role of earthquakes on carbon cycling in deep-sea trenches along plate subduction margins is poorly constraint. The giant (Magnitude 9) Tohoku-oki earthquake in 2011 has been documented to remobilize a wide area of fine-grained surface sediment enriched in organic matter, redistributing from the slope into the deepest part of the >7 km deep Japan Trench. Yet, little is known about how and where the sediment remobilized by the 2011 earthquake had settled in the trench. In this study, we used high-resolution subbottom profilers (SBPs) acquired by Parasound and Topas systems from research cruises during 2012–2016, to image and spatially map the extensive transparent, up to ~5 m thick event-deposits. The SBP-to-core correlation and radio-nuclide dating on the youngest event deposit allowed for ground-truth of the mapped bodies to be related to the 2011 events. We quantified a total remobilized sediment volume of 0.2 km3 over the southern and central Japan Trench (36°N–39.5°N). The mapped sediment volume was then used for estimation of mass of organic carbon contained in the 2011 event deposits by measuring total organic carbon. The preliminary estimation suggests that the 2011 earthquake had triggered redistribution and eventual delivery of >1 x 1012 g carbon to the trench by a single tectonic event. The finding sheds new light on dynamic impact of large earthquakes on carbon cycling in the deep-sea.