Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

H (Human Geosciences) » H-CG Complex & General

[H-CG24] Earth surface processes related to deposition, erosion and sediment transport

Sun. May 20, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A04 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Koji Seike(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Naofumi Yamaguchi(Center for Water Environment Studies, Ibaraki University), Hajime Naruse(京都大学大学院理学研究科, 共同), Hideko Takayanagi(Institute of Geology and Paleontology, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Chairperson:Seike Koji, Yamaguchi Naofumi

11:35 AM - 11:55 AM

[HCG24-09] Astronomically paced changes in continental weathering rates recorded in the Mesozoic bedded chert

★Invited Papers

*Masayuki Ikeda1, Kazumi Ozaki2, Ryuji Tada3 (1.Shizuoka University, 2. School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology, 3.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The Univeristy of Tokyo)

Keywords:Weathering, Monsoon, Milankovtich cycle

Weathering of continental rocks, especially silicate rocks, is a primary factor controlling earth surface processes through changes in atmospheric CO2 level, nutrient cycle, and oceanic chemical composition. How to quantitatively reconstruct chemical weathering history has therefore is an important issue in global change research. However, controlling factors of chemical weathering on geologic time scales are largely uncertain due to the uncertainty of proxy records, especially before Mesozoic. Here, we reconstruct a secular evolution of global chemical weathering rate from Mesozoic radiolarian bedded chert deposited in the low latitude region of Panthalassa. Average low-mid-latitude biogenic silica (BSi) burial flux during the early Mesozoic is 90% of that of the modern global ocean. We hypothesize that BSi in chert was a major sink for oceanic dissolved silica (DSi), with fluctuations proportional to DSi input from chemical weathering on timescales longer than the residence time of DSi (<100 kyr). Chemical weathering rates estimated by the revised GEOCARBSULFvolc model support these hypotheses, excluding the volcanism-driven oceanic anoxic events of the Early-Middle Triassic and Toarcian. These exceptions would result in underestimate for silicate weathering by GEOCARBSULFvolc due to the assumption of relatively stable degassing rate on multimillion year-scale. Up to 50% amplitudes of orbital-scale BSi burial flux are larger than that of orbital cycles themselves. Similar orbital-cycles are also recorded in lake-level records of Newark Supergroup, which reflect Mega-monsoon intensity in the supercontinent Pangea and potentially influence on the spatial chages in chemical weathering rate. Therefore, significant changes in BSi burial flux can be paced with the Mega-monsoon dynamics, which nonlinearly amplified the orbitally paced global chemical weathering during the early Mesozoic greenhouse world.