Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

H (Human Geosciences) » H-DS Disaster geosciences

[H-DS10] Tsunami and Tsunami Forecast

Wed. May 23, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 105 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Naotaka YAMAMOTO CHIKASADA(National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience), Kentaro Imai(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Hiroaki Tsushima(気象庁気象研究所), Chairperson:Hirata Kenji, Sandanbata Osamu

4:00 PM - 4:15 PM

[HDS10-03] Source of the 1771 Yaeyama tsunami

*Yukinobu Okamura1, Azusa Nishizawa2, Yushiro Fujii3 (1.Research Institute of Earthquake and Vocano Geology, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 2.Hydrographic and Oceanographic Department, Japan Coast Guard, 3.Building Research Institute, International Institute of Seismology and Earthquake Engineering)

Keywords:Ryukyu Arc, Yaeyama tsunami, landslide

The giant 1771 Yaeyama tsunami occurred in the southwestern part of the Ryukyu Arc that does not show strong interplate coupling. Recurrence interval of tsunami has been estimated to be 500 to 1000 years. Previous models of the tsunami have attributed to thrusting on a shallow plate boundary or active faulting plus a landslide on the overriding plate, however they have been controversial. We found evidence of large-scale collapse on the accretionary prism along the trench based on detailed bathymetric and seismic data, and a slide on the prism can be the source of the tsunami. We will show that the landslide model is consistent with geological and geophysical observations. We also propose unique tectonic setting that the prism was cut by strike-skip faulting due to slip-partioning along the oblique subduction zone.