10:00 AM - 10:15 AM
[HDS10-11] Diagnostics of tsunami events by observations and simulations of tsunami-generated magnetic fields: Case study on the 2011 Tohoku earthquake tsunami
Keywords:tsunami, finite element, magnetic field, simulation, electromagnetism, seafloor observation
We developed a new finite element simulation approach in time domain for tsunami EM variations (Minami et al., 2017). The developed method allows us to conduct three-dimensional simulation with realistic smooth bathymetry and to readily obtain broad structures of tsunami EM fields and their time evolution, benefitting from time domain implementation with efficient unstructured tetrahedral mesh. Highly resolved mesh near observation sites enables us to compare simulation results with observed data and to investigate tsunami properties in terms of EM variations. We applied our simulation approach to the 2011 Tohoku tsunami event using seawater velocity calculated by linear-long and linear-Boussinesq approximations with the source model of Satake et al. (2013). We revealed from the simulations that inclusion of dispersion effect is necessary to explain magnetic variations at a northwest Pacific seafloor site, ~1,500 km away from the epicenter, while linear-long approximation is enough at a seafloor site ~200 km east-northeast of the epicenter. Our simulations provided, for the first time, comprehensive views of spatiotemporal structures of tsunami EM fields for the 2011 Tohoku tsunami, including large-scale electric current circuits in the ocean.
In this presentation, we introduce properties of the tsunami EM variations as well as our new simulation method, and discuss not only the findings from our simulations but also possible future application of tsunami EM observations to tsunami early warning and diagnostics of past tsunami events.