Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

H (Human Geosciences) » H-QR Quaternary research

[H-QR04] Quaternary, Diachronic dynamics of human-environment interactions

Sun. May 20, 2018 9:15 AM - 10:30 AM A08 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Mamoru Koarai(Earth Science course, College of Science, Ibaraki University), Toshihiko Sugai(Department of Natural Environmental Studies, Institute of Environmental Studies, Graduate School of Frontier Science, The University of Tokyo), Kiyohide Mizuno(国立研究開発法人産業技術総合研究所地質情報研究部門, 共同), Minoru YONEDA(The University Museum, The University of Tokyo), Chairperson:KOARAI Mamoru(Ibaraki University)

10:15 AM - 10:30 AM

[HQR04-05] Bulk rock compositions of geological obsidians from Central Honshu: for tsoursing of archeological obsidians

*Hidehisa Mashima1 (1.Center for Obsidian and Lithic Studies, Meiji University)

Keywords:geological obsidian, archeological obsidian, soursing

Obsidians, which were used as law materials of artifacts in prehistoric periods, are glassy felsic volcanic rocks such as rhyolites. Since trace element compositions of rhyolitic rocks highly depend on compositions of their source materials such as the crust, they could be significantly various if basement geology is heterogeneous. Geology of Japan is characterized by the development of zonal structures with different lithology, which indicates that Japanese obsidians would have various trace element compositions. There are more than one hundred obsidian sources there. Large amounts of obsidian artifacts have been excavated and stored in museums. Therefore, Japan is one of the most suitable areas to examine prehistorical human activities through the sourcing of obsidian artifacts.

Several laboratories have independently carried out obsidian sourcing in Japan. However, there is no common database of geological obsidian compositions to compare those of archeological obsidian, which is a significant barrier to entry. The compositional database of geological obsidian therefore required for further developments of obsidian sourcing in Japan. We have been trying the construction of the compositional database of Japanese obsidians using wavelength-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WD-XRF) spectrometer. We have been analyzing Japanese geological obsidians collected by predecessors of Meiji University. Calibration lines of WD-XRF were prepared using synthetic standard samples, which makes a combination of analytical results with those obtained using other methods, such as INAA and ICP-MS, easy. We analyzed about 80 geological obsidians collected from the central part of Japan. In this presentation, I report the analytical results. I also propose the discrimination of obsidian sources in central Japan based on trace element compositions.