Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

H (Human Geosciences) » H-TT Technology & Techniques

[H-TT18] Development and applications of environmental traceability methods

Tue. May 22, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 103 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Ichiro Tayasu(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Takanori Nakano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Inter-University Research Institute Corporation National Institutes for the Humanities), Keisuke Koba(京都大学生態学研究センター), Chairperson:Tayasu Ichiro(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature)

11:00 AM - 11:15 AM

[HTT18-08] Mercury stable isotope variation of skipjack tuna from western North Pacific Ocean - Possibility as the feeding depth tracer -

*TAKAAKI ITAI1, Shinsuke Tanabe2 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo, 2.Center for Marine Environmental Studies, Ehime University)

Keywords:mercury stable isotope, skipjack tuna, North Western Pacific Ocean

Fish represents the primary source of mercury (Hg) to human populations. The predominant Hg form for the human intake is methylmercury (MeHg), since this form is highly bioaccumuulative in aquatic environment. Mercury stable isotope ratio of marine fish is useful tracer of MeHg since it selectively accumulates to the top pradators with the factor >106 relative to the seawater. Mercury stable isotope signatures reflect not only general mass dependent fractionation, but also mass independent fractionation (MIF) which is sensitive to specific photochemical reactions. The stable isotope signal is likely retained in organisms up to pelagic fishes and top predators. It provides information on inshore-offshore differences and foraging depth which is difficult to constrain by other chemical tracers. The report of Hg stable isotope from highly migratory fish has been limited. Particularly, there have been no reports of regional comparison in global scale using same species. We chose skipjack tuna in this study because our archived specimen of this species covers wide range of western North Pacific. In this report, we provide large regional variation of mercury isotope signature of skipjack tuna (n=68, Δ199Hg: 1.7-3.8‰), and also discuss the possibility of MIF as the feeding depth tracer of marine organisms.