Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-AG Applied Geosciences

[M-AG31] CTBTO - Four IMS Technologies for Detecting Nuclear Explosion on the Planet and Their Applications to Earth Science

Thu. May 24, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 301A (3F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Nurcan Meral Özel (Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization), Hiroyuki Matsumoto(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Yosuke Naoi(国立研究開発法人日本原子力研究開発機構, 共同), Lassina Zerbo(Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization), Chairperson:Meral Özel Nurcan(Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization), Matsumoto Hiroyuki(JAMSTEC), Naoi Yosuke(JAEA)

4:00 PM - 4:15 PM

[MAG31-03] Hydroacoustic signals from controlled underwater seismic survey sources in the Pacific

*Tomoaki Yamada1, Georgios Haralabus2, Mario Zampolli2, Kevin Heaney3 (1.Earthquake Research Institute, the University of Tokyo, 2.CTBTO, 3.OASIS)

The hydroacoustic stations of the International Monitoring System (IMS) monitor the world oceans for signs of underwater explosions. These stations also record signals from a variety of sources, such as, earthquakes, marine mammals, or geophysical airgun surveys. However, data from controlled underwater explosions with precise shot times, locations, and near-source signal characterization are rarely observed. In this work, data are analyzed from controlled underwater explosive sources used for seismic surveys, whose information such as origin time, location and time are known. The sounds emitted by these explosions were recorded by the CTBT IMS hydrophone stations HA11 (Wake Island, USA) and HA03 (Robinson Crusoe Island, Chile), and by ad-hoc sea bottom sensors in the Pacific. Shallow and small underwater explosions above both slope zones and flat terrains were detected at both stations. The received signal powers and arrival times fluctuate significantly even when the source depth, magnitude and propagation distances are almost the same. Observed and simulated data suggest that sea floor topography effects play a key role in the fluctuations. Observed back azimuth, source depth and magnitude will also be discussed.