Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-AG Applied Geosciences

[M-AG33] Dynamics of radionuclides emitted from Fukuchima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant in the environment

Sun. May 20, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A02 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Kazuyuki Kita(Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University), Yuichi Onda(Center for Research on Isotopes and Environmental Dynamics, University of Tsukuba), SHINOHARA ATSUSHI(大阪大学, 共同), Daisuke Tsumune(Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry), Chairperson:Wakiyama Yoshifumi(Institute of Environmental Radioacitivity, Fukushima Universiy), Ninomiya Kazuhiko(Graduate School of Science, Osaka University)

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[MAG33-09] Initial declining trend of the activity concentration of 137Cs of river sediment in Fukushima area

*Yuichi Onda1, Gao Xiang1, Keisuke Taniguchi2 (1.Center for Research on Isotopes and Environmental Dynamics, University of Tsukuba, 2.Environmental Creation Center, Fukushima Prefecture)

Keywords:Cs-137, river sediment, environmental recovary

Radioactive nuclides 134Cs and 137Cs were detected in the surrounding environment of Fukushima due to the Tokyo Electric Power Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident due to the 2011 Great East Japan Great Earthquake. The Ministry of the Environment has been conducting an environmental monitoring survey on public waters since August 2011. Although sediment samples taken at the Ministry of the Environment in 2011-2012 show decreasing trends at many points, there are also many places where data are highly fluctuated or increases with time. In this study, by analyzing the particle sizes of these sediment samples, the effective decay rate of sediment in the river sediment was examined after applying the particle size correction.

Any large fluctuation of activity concentration in river sediment can be seen after the grain size correction. In addition, the point where concentration increased with time decreased from 25 points to 7 points. The rate of decline (λ) in the 89 sediments in the sediment has an average of 1.15, and it was possible to elucidate the tendency of the concentration of the river sediment to decrease. In addition, when we set the standard sample size of the suspeneded sediment, the activity concentration of the bottom sediment may be used to estimate the suspended sediment activity concentration. After the grain size correction to suspended sediment, activity concentration of SS and rate of decline agreed at 14 points out of 24 points. From this results, suspended sediment and dissolved state are in equilibrium state at many points due to adsorption/ desorption when cesium flows down the river.