2:30 PM - 2:45 PM
[MAG33-14] Understanding dissolved radiocesium discharge from a forested catchment in Fukushima Prefecture
Keywords:Watershed modeling, Dissolved Cesium-137, Forest compartments model, Fukushima Daiichi accident, River water, Distribution coefficient
Various simulation studies have been undertaken into dissolved and particulate 137Cs concentrations in rivers affected by Chernobyl and Fukushima accident fallout. Here we applied the General-purpose Terrestrial fluid-Flow Simulator (GETFLOWS) watershed code  to calculate water, sediment, and particulate and dissolved 137Cs discharge from the upstream of Ota River catchment in Fukushima Prefecture. The main land use in this catchment is forest. The simulation results were compared with monitoring data for the amount of water discharge, the concentration of suspended solids and the dissolved 137Cs concentration in river water under both base and storm flow conditions .
It was possible for the simulations to reproduce the mean dissolved 137Cs concentrations in river water between 2014 and 2015 under base flow conditions. However neither the seasonal variability of the 137Cs concentrations in base flow periods, nor the peaks in concentration that occurred during storms, could be reproduced in the simulations . This may be because leaching from organic matter in forest litter provides an additional input of dissolved 137Cs to rivers.
We are now extending GETFLOWS with a forest compartment model such that forest canopies, internal transport inside trees, fresh litter fall, and litter decomposition can be simulated, in order to assess the effect of these processes on 137Cs concentrations in river water.
 Tsuji et al. (2016) J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci. 121, 2588-2599.
 Mori et al. (2015) Environ. Model. Softw. 72, 126-146.
 Sakuma et al. (2018) J. Environ. Radioact. 184-185, 53-62.