Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-AG Applied Geosciences

[M-AG33] Dynamics of radionuclides emitted from Fukuchima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant in the environment

Sun. May 20, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Kazuyuki Kita(Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University), Yuichi Onda(Center for Research on Isotopes and Environmental Dynamics, University of Tsukuba), SHINOHARA ATSUSHI(大阪大学, 共同), Daisuke Tsumune(Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry)

[MAG33-P01] Properties of the insoluble particles including radioactive Cs found in Okuma town, Fukushima prefecture

*Igarashi Junya1, Zijian Zhang1, Kazuhiko Ninomiya1, Atsushi Shinohara1 (1.Graduate school of Science, Osaka University)

Keywords:Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, Environmental dynamics of radioactivity, Insoluble particles, Radioactive Cesium

Large amounts of radioactive materials were released into the environment thorough the atmosphere by the accident of Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant. Among them, Cs-concentrated insoluble particles (insoluble particles) were found. The matrix of the particles were SiO2, and the particles never dissolved in water [1]. Due to their insolubility, these particles remain long time in the environment, and the environmental behavior and fate of the insoluble particle have still not been investigated. The insoluble particles can be classified to at least two types from the properties and radioactivity concentration of Cs [2], however, it is still puzzled when and how much of these particles were released. Investigation of the detail environmental dynamics and inventory of them are strongly desired. In this study, insoluble particles were extracted from the soil collected in Okuma town, Fukushima prefecture. For extraction of the insoluble particles from the soil, we separated the soils with their particle size utilizing the difference in sedimentation rate in water. We transferred the separated fraction into the glass vial, added the Milli-Q water in the vial, divided into two vials, measured the radioactivities of each vials and discarded the low activity one. The operation was repeated at least 30 times and the insoluble particle was isolated [3]. The water solution including the insoluble particle was dried on the carbon tape and conducted SEM-EDS analysis. The size of insoluble particles isolated from the soil was from a few μm to sevral hundreds of μm. The radioactivity was also ranged from a few Bq to hundreds of Bq of 137Cs per particle. The main elemental composition of these particles was Si, and the particles also contains Mg, Al, and Fe. For some particles, Cs was also identified within the EDS analyzing sensitivity. From these results, we found various types of insoluble particles for the difference of the size and radioactivity of Cs were deposited in Okuma town, Fukushima prefecture. The contribution of the insoluble particles for the radioactive soil pollution will be presented in the session. [1]K.Adachi et al., Sci.Rep.3 (2013) 2554 [2]T.Ono et al. JSAC. 2017, 66, 4 [3]Y.Kurihara, et al., 61th Workshop on the Japan Society of Nuclear and Radiochemical Science, 2017