Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-GI General Geosciences, Information Geosciences & Simulations

[M-GI22] Data assimilation: A fundamental approach in geosciences

Sun. May 20, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 302 (3F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Shin'ya Nakano(The Institute of Statistical Mathematics), Yosuke Fujii(Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency), SHINICHI MIYAZAKI(京都大学理学研究科, 共同), Takemasa Miyoshi(RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science), Chairperson:Fujii Yosuke

9:50 AM - 10:05 AM

[MGI22-04] Toward improved LETKF assimilation of non-local and dense observation by direct covariance localization in model space

*Daisuke Hotta1 (1.Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency)

Keywords:Data Assimilation, covariance localization, GNSS precipitable water vapor

Covariance localization is an indispensable component for ensemble-based data assimilation system with a limited member size. The benefit of localization is two-fold: (1) it suppresses spurious correlation due to sampling error, and (2) mitigates the rank-deficiency issue of the sample covariance matrix.

In Local Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter (LETKF), localization is typically implemented by domain localization (i.e., by performing analysis independently at each model grid) and by applying the so-called R-localization, in which the impact of an observation to the analyzed state variable is artificially damped by inflating the observation error covariance R by a factor that is a decreasing function of the physical distance between them.

Recent study at Japan Meteorological Agency using its operational global LETKF revealed that, while R-localization effectively suppresses spurious impact from an observation onto remote grids, it does not help to alleviate rank deficiency issue within the local analaysis, hindering the LETKF from extracting information from dense observations such as satellite radiances. R-localization also poses difficulty when assimilating non-local observations (e.g., ground-based GNSS observations, satellite radiances, or even in-situ surface pressure observations) whose physical locations are not clearly defined.

To resolve the above issues, we explore possibility of applying model-space localization. The advantage of model-space localization over the R-localization will be discussed using an idealized one-dimensional toy system, with its application to assimilation of ground-based GNSS moisture observations in mind.