Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-GI General Geosciences, Information Geosciences & Simulations

[M-GI25] Environmental changes in mountainous area

Tue. May 22, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A08 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Keisuke Suzuki(Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Shinshu University), Yoshihiko Kariya(Department of Environmental Geography, Senshu University), Chiyuki Narama(新潟大学理学部理学科, 共同), Akihiko SASAKI(Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Kokushikan University), Chairperson:Kariya Yoshihiko(専修大学)

10:15 AM - 10:30 AM

[MGI25-06] Effects of past charcoal prodction on landscape development in Japanese mountain regions

★Invited Papers

*KIYOSHI SAIJO1 (1.Miyagi University of Education)

Keywords:human impact , chacoal production, forest clearance, landscape development, mountain area

Charcoal production had been a major traditional use of forest in Japan before the late 1950’s when common fuel drastically changed from firewood or charcoal to fossil fuel. Distribution of abandoned charcoal kilns indicates that charcoal production was especially active in hilly areas (Satoyama) adjacent villages. It has recently been suggested, however, that similar charcoal kilns are recognized in mountain areas far from villages. For example, abandoned charcoal kilns are found at 790 meters high on the slope of the Mt. Izumigatake (1175 m) belonging to the Oou Mountains in Miyagi Prefecture. This fact means that trees around the kilns was once cleared for charcoal production and present forest has recovered after the clearance. The fact that many abandoned charcoal kilns are distributed not only in hills but also on higher mountains indicates that consideration about the effects of past human activity is important for elucidation of landscape development of mountain areas.