Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-GI General Geosciences, Information Geosciences & Simulations

[M-GI25] Environmental changes in mountainous area

Tue. May 22, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A08 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Keisuke Suzuki(Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Shinshu University), Yoshihiko Kariya(Department of Environmental Geography, Senshu University), Chiyuki Narama(新潟大学理学部理学科, 共同), Akihiko SASAKI(Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Kokushikan University), Chairperson:SASAKI Akihiko

2:00 PM - 2:15 PM

[MGI25-14] Development of accurate detection of spatio-temporal variability in growing season in a mountainous area

*Shin Nagai1, Taku Saitoh2 (1.Research and Development Center for Global Change, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.River Basin Research Center, Gifu University)

Keywords:phenology, remote-sensing, altitude

Accurate detection of spatio-temporal variability in the timing of start (SGS) and end of growing season EGS in a mountainous area is important to evaluate the ecosystem functions (i.e., photosynthesis) and regulating ecosystem service under climate change. The timing of SGS and EGS is more strongly characterized by the vertical (altitude) gradient than horizontal (latitude) gradient [Nagai et al. 2015; Int J Biometeorol, 59:47-54]. This geographical character is well shown in the central part of Japan, where has a wide range in altitude (2000-3000 m) over a relatively short distance (50-100 km). Analysis of satellite-observed daily vegetation index with a 500 m spatial resolution provides this geographical character in a broad (continental) scale. However, the accuracy of analysis in a mountainous area is inferior to that in a broad area (e.g., Japan). Here, (1) we evaluated the spatial distribution in the timing of SGS and EGS in Takayama by analyzing statistic phenology models, which were developed by long-term continuous phenological and meteorological observations in Takayama site; and (2) we evaluated the accuracy of the timing of SGS and EGS by referring to phenological information in multiple points published on web sites. In this presentation, we discuss current understanding, issue, and future task by showing our last results.