Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-GI General Geosciences, Information Geosciences & Simulations

[M-GI27] Data-driven geosciences

Tue. May 22, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 301A (3F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Tatsu Kuwatani(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Hiromichi Nagao(Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Takane Hori(独立行政法人海洋研究開発機構・地震津波海域観測研究開発センター), Chairperson:Hori Takane, Ito Shin-ichi(東京大学地震研究所)

4:15 PM - 4:30 PM

[MGI27-10] Seismic Wavefield Imaging of Long-Period Ground Motion in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area, Japan

*Masayuki Kano1, Hiromichi Nagao2,3, Nagata Kenji4,5, Shin-ichi Ito2, Shin'ichi Sakai2, Shigeki Nakagawa6,2, Muneo Hori2, Naoshi Hirata2 (1.Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 2.Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 3.Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo, 4.Artificial Intelligence Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 5.Presto, Japan Science and Technology Agency, 6.Japan Meteorological Agency)

Keywords:seismic wave field, replica exchange Monte Carlo, Markov chain Monte Carlo, MeSO-net, data-driven modeling

Long-period ground motions due to large earthquakes can cause devastating disasters, especially in urbanized areas located on sedimentary basins. To assess and mitigate such damage, it is essential to rapidly evaluate seismic hazards for infrastructures, which can be simulated by seismic response analyses that use waveforms at the base of each infrastructure as an input ground motion. The present study reconstructs the seismic wavefield in the Tokyo metropolitan area located on the Kanto sedimentary basin, Japan, from seismograms of the Metropolitan Seismic Observation network (MeSO-net). The obtained wavefield fully explains the observed waveforms in the frequency band of 0.10–0.20 Hz. This is attributed to the seismic wavefield imaging technique proposed by Kano et al. [2017, GJI], which implements the replica exchange Monte Carlo method to simultaneously estimate model parameters related to the subsurface structure and source information. Further investigation shows that the reconstructed seismic wavefield lower than 0.30 Hz is of high quality in terms of variance reduction, which quantifies a misfit in waveforms, but that the variance reduction rapidly worsens in higher frequencies. Meanwhile, the velocity response spectra show good agreement with observations up to 0.90 Hz in terms of the combined goodness-of-fit, which is a measure of misfit in the velocity response spectra. Inputting the reconstructed wavefield into seismic response analyses, we can rapidly assess the overall damage to infrastructures immediately after a large earthquake.