Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS03] Interdisciplinary studies on pre-earthquake processes

Thu. May 24, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A09 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Katsumi Hattori(Department of Earth Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Chiba University), Jann-Yenq Liu(Institute of Space Science, National Central University, Taiwan), Dimitar Ouzounov(Center of Excellence in Earth Systems Modeling & Observations (CEESMO) , Schmid College of Science & Technology Chapman University, Orange, California, USA, 共同), Qinghua Huang(Peking University), Chairperson:Ouzounov Dimitar, Liu Jann-Yenq(National Central University, Taiwan)

9:45 AM - 10:00 AM

[MIS03-04] Long-period ground motion before earthquakes

★Invited Papers

*Chieh-Hung Chen1, Li-Ching Lin2, Jann-Yenq Liu3 (1.Institute of Geophysics and Geomatics, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, Hubei, China, 2.Academic sinica, Taiwan, 3.National Central University, Taiwan)

Keywords:Ground motion, Pre-earthquake anomalous phenomena, Broadband seismometers

Broadband seismometers are generally utilized to continuously monitor ground motion. When continuous ground motion data retrieved from seismometers were examined, amplitudes in a frequency band between 5 x 10-5 Hz and 5 x10 -4 Hz were significantly enhanced about 6-10 days before three example M6 earthquakes (i.e., 2016 Meinong earthquake in Taiwan, 2010 Baja California earthquake in Mexico and 2004 Parkfield earthquake in California). We computed propagation directions of ground motion by using maximum horizontal amplitudes and found that intersection areas determined using these directions from entire seismic stations are close to epicenters. Analytical results suggest that ground motion with long-period characteristics is excited from areas of forthcoming earthquakes. Long-period ground motion would be sources of other pre-earthquake anomalous phenomena and could be utilized to expose causal mechanisms.