Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS03] Interdisciplinary studies on pre-earthquake processes

Thu. May 24, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A09 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Katsumi Hattori(Department of Earth Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Chiba University), Jann-Yenq Liu(Institute of Space Science, National Central University, Taiwan), Dimitar Ouzounov(Center of Excellence in Earth Systems Modeling & Observations (CEESMO) , Schmid College of Science & Technology Chapman University, Orange, California, USA, 共同), Qinghua Huang(Peking University), Chairperson:Hattori Katsumi, Huang Qinghua(Peking University)

12:00 PM - 12:15 PM

[MIS03-12] The contribution of Satellite TIR Surveys to the short-term time-Dependent Assessment of Seismic Hazard (t-DASH): a decadal (2005-2015) study over Japan

★Invited Papers

*Katsumi Hattori1, Valerio Tramutoli 2, Nicola Genzano2, Carolina Filizzola3, Mariano Lisi2, Rossana Paciello2, Nicola Pergola 3 (1.Department of Earth Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Chiba University, 2.University of Basilicata, Potenza, Italy, 3.Institute of Methodologies for Environmental Analysis of the National Research Council)

Keywords:Satellite TIR Surveys , t-DASH, RST approach

From a multi-parametric approach a major reliability and increased space-time precision of short-term earthquake forecast, is commonly expected. Among the others, the fluctuations of Earth’s thermally emitted radiation, measured by satellite sensors operating in the thermal infrared (TIR) spectral range, have been proposed since eighties as a potential earthquake precursor. Since 2001, the general change detention approach Robust Satellite Techniques (RST), used in combination with RETIRA (Robust Estimator of TIR Anomalies) index, showed good ability to discriminate anomalous TIR signals possibly associated to seismic activity, from the normal variability of TIR signal due to other causes (e.g. meteorological). In order to evaluate its possible contribute to an improved multi parametric system for a time-Dependent Assessment of Seismic Hazard (t-DASH), RST approach has been recently implemented on TIR radiances collected over Japan by the geostationary satellite MTSAT (Multifunctional Transport SATellites) in the period June 2005 - December 2015. Preliminary results of a correlation analysis performed over Japan in the considered 11 years long period, has shown that 80% of the observed SSTAs (Significant Sequences of TIR Anomalies) were in an apparent space-time relations with the occurrence of earthquakes (M greater than or equal 5) with a false positive rate of 20%.