Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS04] Thunderstorms and lightning as natural hazards in a changing climate

Sun. May 20, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Mitsuteru Sato(Department of Cosmoscience, Hokkaido University), Hisayuki Kubota(Hokkaido University), Kozo Yamashita(足利工業大学工学部, 共同), Yukihiro Takahashi(Department of Cosmosciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University)

[MIS04-P02] Estimation of electric charge structure in cumulonimbus in ULAT project in Philippines

*Rikuto Noguchi1, Yukihiro Takahashi1, Mitsuteru Sato1, Hisayuki Kubota1 (1.Hokkaido University)

Keywords:lightning, cumulonimbus, electric charge structure, multi-points observation

Hard disturbance of convective cells in growing cumulonimbus has small time and spatial scales (5-10 km, 30-60 min, respectively), so the time and spatial resolution of existent AMeDAS and observation networks of weather radar are not always enough to capture such activity. Spatial distribution and transfer of electric charges in cumulonimbus is expected to reflect such convective activity, though their detailed relationship has not been examined. In this research, amount of electric charge and its three-dimensional spatial distribution in cumulonimbus will be estimated by using multi-points observation of vertical quasi-electrostatic field change by lightning discharge on the ground.
Previous study have tried multi-points observation using field mills (Workman et al., 1942; Jacobson and Krider, 1976), but this method is hard to be developed macro observation network because of cost and maintenance of device. Observation using capacitive antennas (Krehbiel et al., 1979; Baranski et al., 2012) have been low cost of device, but this method has a problem in accuracy for electric charge estimation because it’s difficult to calibrate sensitivity difference between observation points. To solve these problems, it is required to establish a calibration method with high-time resolution using low-cost and easy electric filed sensors.
Electric charge estimation has tried by 7 plate-type electric field sensors and a field mill being set up at interval of 4 km in 7 km x 7 km area around Mt. Yatsugatake (Japan) in 2013 (Sakai, 2013). This observation achieved 10-100 times higher resolution of electric charge estimation than previous researches (Krehbiel et al., 1979; Baranski et al., 2012). The purpose of this present work is to establish the high-resolution estimation of electric charge structure in cumulonimbus, applying and improving this method. We are going to use a new observation network with 50 plate-type electric field sensors to be installed at an interval of about 5 km in the metropolitan area of Manila, Philippines. This plan is part of ULAT (Understanding Lightning and Thunderstorm) project, one of the SATREPS programs.
This work was supported by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), Core-to-Core Program, B. Asia-Africa Science Platforms, by Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), the e-ASIA Joint Research Program, and by Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and JST, SATREPS.

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Jacobson, E. A., and E. P. Krider, 1976, Electrostatic field charges produced by Florida lightning, J. Atmos. Sci., 33, 103-117.
Krehbiel, P. R., M. Brook, and R. A. McCrog, 1979, An Analysis of the charge structure of lightning discharge to the ground, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 2432-2456.
Workman, E. J., R. E. Holzer, and G. T. Pelsor, 1942, The electrical structure of thunderstorms, Aero. Tech. Note 864, pp. 1-47, Nat. Advan. Comm., Washington D. C.