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[MIS06-03] Large impact of the Agulhas Return Current on SW Indian sector of the Southern Ocean during late glacial
Keywords:Southern Ocean, Agulhas Return Current, Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, Agulhas leakage, last glacial maximum
Through the analysis of ice-rafted debris, census counts of microfossils (diatom, radiolaria and planktic foraminifera) and d18O and Mg/Ca of planktic foraminifera, we here reconstruct cool and icy conditions during the early Marine Isotope Stage 2 (MIS2, 30–23 ka) but warm, ice-free conditions during the full glacial late MIS2 (23–15 ka) in core DCR-1PC from Del Caño Rise (46°S, 44°E, 2632m), Indian sector of the SO. We propose that these unexpected warm conditions result from increased transport of warm waters from low latitudes to the SO via the Agulhas Return Current in time of reduced Agulhas Current leakage due to a northward shift of the Westerlies and SO hydrographic fronts. As such, a general cooling in the SO may conduct, via negative feedbacks, to warm surface conditions in regions of strong western boundary current.