[MIS07-P02] Sublimation and regrowth of snow crystals observed by optical microscopes at Asahi-dake
Keywords:Snow, In situ observation, Interferometry, Optical microscopy
At first, we make one or two igloo-like snow laboratories (snow-lab) and set up optical systems in the snow-lab. Typical ambient temperature in the Taisetsu area is around -10 to -20oC and inside temperature of the snow-lab is slightly increased to be -5 to -11oC due to experimental systems such as illumination lights, monitor and camera in addition to heat of active observers. The humidity has been naturally controlled close to 100% because all the walls of the snow-lab have been made of snow, which also works as a good sound and vibration absorber.
We collected snow crystals directly on a black felt just outside the snow-lab and selected a snow crystal, which was put onto a glass plate for general observations of the shape and surface textures or onto the tip of the glass rod smaller than 1 mm in diameter to observe rates for sublimation and regrowth at a certain environment. Interference fringes made using a reflection light from a surface of a snow crystal were successfully observe by the Michelson-type white-light interferometer microscope. In this presentation, we will report our attempts of in-situ observation and the results including temperature and humidity dependent rates of sublimation and regrowth of a snow crystal observed using our experimental systems.
Acknowledgments: We thank Y. Sato, Y. Hirata, S. Nakatsubo and K. Fujita of the Technical Division in the Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, for their help in the development of the experimental system. This study was supported partly by the Grant for Joint Research Program of the Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University and by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (S) from KAKENHI (15H05731).