Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS09] Electromagnetic phenomena associated with seismic and volcanic activities

Tue. May 22, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A04 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Tetsuya Kodama(Research Unit I, Research and Development Directorate, Japan Space Exploration Agency), Toshiyasu Nagao(Institute of Oceanic Research and development, Tokai University), Yasuhide Hobara(電気通信大学 大学院情報理工学研究科), Chairperson:Kodama Tetsuya, Nagao Toshiyasu

4:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[MIS09-05] Precursory study of electromagnetic wave addressed to the earthquake prediction study in VLF band.

Airi Saito1, Tetsuo Sakurada1, Jun Izutsu2, Masashi Kamogawa3, Shigeki Sugiura4, Hitoshi Kondo4, *Toshiyasu Nagao5 (1.School of Marine Science and Technology, Tokai University, 2.College of Engineering, Chubu University, 3.Tokyo Gakugei University, 4.Genesis Research Institute, Inc., 5.Institute of Oceanic Research and development, Tokai University)

Keywords:earthquake prediction, Seismo-electromagnetizm

There are many reports electromagnetic waves preceding earthquakes have existed since the 1980s. The late Professor Toshi Asada and his colleagues focused on the VLF band and developed devices and made observations at the Tokai University in the 1990s. As a result, in the apparent arrival direction analysis, the electromagnetic waves, which comes from the epicenter direction were observed. After that, the observation was interrupted, but we resumed research from FY 2014. The feature of the present apparatus is that not only the apparent arrival direction analysis but also the wave source determination can be performed using the time difference of arrival (TDOA) of electromagnetic waves. In the wave source determination using TDOA, the arrival time of the electromagnetic wave was determined by using the autoregressive model and AIC. We observed electromagnetic waves coming from the epicentral region, two days before the earthquake, which occurred in the southern part of Nagano Prefecture on June 25, 2017 (M5.6). This earthquake was the largest one occurred in the vicinity of our observation network. However, it is highly likely that the electromagnetic environment is getting worse even in the VLF band over the past two decades, and by further reviewing the measurement environment, eliminating noise, and improving the program, more accurate wave source position determination will be possible.


Concerning the determination program of the arrival time of the electromagnetic wave, Dr. Tetsuo Takanami of former Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, kindly provided us the basic program. We express our sincere thanks here.