Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS10] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Wed. May 23, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A08 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Atsuhiko Isobe(Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University), Akihisa Kitamura(静岡大学理学部地球科学教室, 共同), Masaki Sano(Faculty of Human Sciences, Waseda University), Hitoshi Hasegawa(Faculty of Science and Technology, Kochi University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Michinobu Kuwae(Center for Marine Environmental Studies), Chairperson:Okazaki Yusuke

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[MIS10-05] Mid-Miocene Nd isotope record from ODP 1120: Flood basalt weathering induced pCO2 drop?

*Keiji Horikawa1, Boo-Keun Khim2, Yoshihiro Asahara3 (1.Graduate School of Engineer and Science, University of Toyama, 2.Department of Oceanography, Pusan National University, 3.Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University,)

Keywords:Miocene, Nd isotope, Columbia River Flood Basalts

Early–middle Miocene transition is marked by a cooling period with Antarctic ice sheet expansion. Site1120, off New Zealand, has a sedimentary record of the early-middle Miocene transition although initial age model mentioned there is a hiatus during this period. Among mid-Miocene cores, this core is located at the shallowest intermediate depth and proximal to the Antarctica. Therefore, this core is a very unique and expected to record valuable information on a relationship between Antarctic ice sheet expansion and Antarctic intermediate water mass property.

To get information on water mass property, we analyzed Nd isotopes of fossil fish teeth/debris, which record Nd isotopic composition of the bottom water in the past. We generally pick more than 20 fragments of fossil fish teeth/debris from 125 µm size fraction of the sediment to get Nd isotope data with small analytical error. The eNd values ranged from -7.5 to -3.2 eNd during 8.5 Ma–17 Ma. Prior to 14.6 Ma, Mid-Miocene Climatic Optimum (MMCO), the eNd values represented very stable values around -7.5 eNd, whereas the eNd values exhibited the pronounced excursion toward radiogenic values up to -3.2 eNd from 14.6 Ma to 14 Ma. Although the magnitude of the variations was much smaller, the similar mid-Miocene eNd excursion has been reported from Eq. Pacific sites.

During 16.6 and 15.3 Ma, the Columbia River flood basalt erupted (almost 95% of the total volume) (Courtillot and Renne, 2003). Although the Columbia River flood basalt is the smallest (0.17million km3) of the three Tertiary LIPs, a drop in the seawater Os isotope ratio is observed during the mid Miocene (15–12 Ma) as a result of volcanic eruptions (Klemm et al., 2008).

We found the timing of the Nd isotope excursion toward radiogenic values during 14.6–14 Ma was coincident with (1) pCO2 drop and (2) enlargement of Antarctic ice sheet. Therefore, we argue that emplacement of the Columbia River flood basalts must brought basaltic materials to the ocean through flood basalt weathering. Radiogenic Nd isotope excursion during 14.6–14 Ma might have been attributed to the flood basalt weathering. If this is the case, intense weathering of Columbia River flood basalts might have worked to reduce atmospheric CO2 concentration.