3:45 PM - 4:07 PM
[MIS10-14] Cosmic ray events shown in 14C data
Keywords:Radiocarbon, 14C spike, Annual cosmic ray event
Several past cosmic ray increase events including the AD 775 event have been detected as a rapid increase of 14C contents in tree rings, namely “14C spike”. It is considered that an origin of these events is an extreme Solar Proton Event (SPE) originated from large solar flares and coronal mass ejections. An existence of 14C spikes is important not only to understand the solar activities but also to offer an annual time marker in 14C data which can be applied to an annual radiocarbon dating and a dendrochronology. Recently, such application studies have been performed, e.g. annual age determination of a volcanic eruption of Mt. Baitoushan (AD 946) and historical wood sample of a Switzerland chapel using the AD 775 event.
In this presentation, I will introduce detected rapid 14C increase events, their origins, and application studies of 14C spikes.