Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS10] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Thu. May 24, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A07 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Atsuhiko Isobe(Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University), Akihisa Kitamura(静岡大学理学部地球科学教室, 共同), Masaki Sano(Faculty of Human Sciences, Waseda University), Hitoshi Hasegawa(Faculty of Science and Technology, Kochi University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Michinobu Kuwae(Center for Marine Environmental Studies), Chairperson:Kuwae Michinobu(愛媛大学沿岸環境科学研究センター)

3:45 PM - 4:00 PM

[MIS10-30] Application of ramped pyrolysis 14C method to postglacial sediment in the Chukchi-Alaskan margin, western Arctic Ocean.

*Kenta Suzuki1, Masanobu Yamamoto1,2, Brad Rosenheim3, Takayuki Omori4, Leonid Polyak5, Seung-Il Nam6 (1.Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, 2.Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, 3.College of Marine Science, University of South Florida, 4.University Museum, University of Tokyo, 5.Byrd Polar and Climate Research Center, Ohio State University, 6.Korea Polar Research Institute)

The Arctic Ocean underwent dramatic climate changes in the past. Changes in sea-ice extent and ocean currents in the Arctic Ocean cause changes in surface albedo and deep water formation, which drove global climatic changes. However, Arctic paleoceanographic studies have been limited compared to the other oceans due to chronostratigraphic difficulties. One of the reasons for this is absence of material suitable for 14C dating in the Arctic Ocean sediments deposited since the last glacial maximum. To enable improved age constraints for sediments impoverished in datable material, we apply ramped pyrolysis 14C method (Rosenheim et al., 2008) to sedimentary records from the Chukchi-Alaska margin recovering Holocene to late-glacial deposits. Samples were divided into five fraction products by gradual heating sedimentary organic carbon from ambient room temperature to 900°C. The thermographs show a trimodal pattern of organic matter decomposition over temperature, and we consider that CO2 generated at the lowest temperature range was derived from autochthonous organic carbon contemporaneous with sediment deposition, similar to studies in the Antarctic margin and elsewhere. For verification of results, some of the samples treated for ramped pyrolysis 14C were taken from intervals dated earlier by AMS 14C using bivalve shells. The ages of lowest temperature split showed older ages than the radiocarbon ages derived from bivalve shells indicating that those splits were still mixtures and not pure autochthonous organic matter. The relationship between radiocarbon ages of generated gas and pyrolysis temperature is linear. We used this empirical relationship to determine the optimal temperature yielding pure marine organic carbon and estimated age of horizons by sampling at those temperatures. We compare these ages to mixing model ages decoupling the simpler mixtures represented by our original low-temperature splits, which were consistent with the bivalve ages.