[MIS10-P06] Biomarker analysis of the uncorrelated Early-Pleistocene marine clay layer of the Osaka Group in the Kishiwada City, Osaka Prefecture
Keywords:Long chain diols, n-alkanes, Osaka Group, Sedimentary environment, Marine clay
In order to examine the source of organic matter and to reconstruct the changes in depositional environment during the possible sea-level rise event, sediments including MCL layer were collected from the outcrop and analyzed for biomarker compositions. Composition of long-chain diols in the upper part of the MCL layer was characterized by a predominance of C30 diols over C32 diols, which correspond to the central to inner part of the recent Osaka Bay. In contrast, the lower part of MCL was rich in C32 diols indicating significant influence of freshwater input. Underlying fluviolimnic sediments were characterized with the predominance of C321,15-diol indicating freshwater environment. Steroid compositions (the relative amount of C27, C28, C29 stanols) indicated the varying input of terrestrial to aquatic organic matter, which is concordant with both the results of long-chain diols and the lithofacies observation. The n-alkane index TAR reconstructed variation in the contribution of aquatic OM along with continual input of terrestrial plant wax. In addition, elevated Paq value was noted at the lower part of the MCL. The combination of multiple biomarker indices suggests that (1) the upper part of the marine like clay layer is deposited under marine environment, and (2) potential development of the blackish aquatic environment with high input of aquatic macrophytes at the earliest stage of the history of Osaka Bay marine environment before the typical marine mud layer deposition.