Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS10] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Wed. May 23, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Atsuhiko Isobe(Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University), Akihisa Kitamura(静岡大学理学部地球科学教室, 共同), Masaki Sano(Faculty of Human Sciences, Waseda University), Hitoshi Hasegawa(Faculty of Science and Technology, Kochi University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Michinobu Kuwae(Center for Marine Environmental Studies)

[MIS10-P25] Diatom Assemblages in Lacustrine Sediments of Lake Tazawa, Akita Prefecture, Northern Japan

*Taichi Ikeda1, Kaoru Kashima2, Yu Fukumoto3, Kazuyoshi Yamada4, Tsuyoshi Haraguchi5, Daizo Ishiyama6, Makoto Okamura7, Hiromi Matsuoka7 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University, 2.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, 3.Research Center for Pan-Pacific Civilizations, Ritsumeikan University, 4.Museum of Natural and Environmental History, Shizuoka, 5.Faculty of Science, Osaka City University, 6.Faculty of International Resource Sciences, Akita University, 7.Faculty of Science, Kochi University)

Keywords:Lake Tazawa, Diatom assemblage, Acidification

Paleo-environmental histories at Lake Tazawa were presumed by diatom assemblages from two sediment cores at the center of the lake. Lake Tazawa (Tazawa-ko), Akita prefecture, northern Japan, is a caldera lake, and is the deepest lake in Japan (surface area: 25.8 m2, surface elevation: 249 m, max depth: 423.4 m). It was an oligotrophic and neutral lake until 1940. But two water tunnels were constructed in 1940 and very acidic hot spring water from Tamagawa Hot Spring flew into the lake. Therefore, the lake had become acidic. The lake acidification caused extinction of Oncorhynchus kawamurae (Kunimasu), a species of salmon endemic to Lake Tazawa. The neutralization plant was constructed in 1991, however water quality criteria (pH=6) has not yet been achieved. This study focused on the water environmental changes since 7000 years ago and influence of the lake acidification.
In TZW15-1 core, Cyclostephanos tazawaensis and Discostella spp. were abundant in whole the core. These species are freshwater planktonic species and indicates the lake has been a freshwater lake in the past 7000 years. Discostella spp. increased in 500-4000 years ago, however the detail of the environmental change was not cleared. Changes of diatom assemblages was not found at the top of the core, implying that the top of core is missing.
Surface core includes water condition changes since 1940. Diatom assemblage at the bottom of the core was similar to TZW15-1 core, indicating water environments before the lake acidification. At 17 cm core depth, Eunotia spp., Surirella spp. and total sulfur (wt%) increased by inlet of acidic water in 1940. Eunotia exigua is abundant in Tamagawa River, so its occurrence in the surface core samples indicates that part of Eunotia spp. was carried through water tunnel. Decrease of total sulfur at 8 cm core depth should correspond to the construction of neutralization plant, however diatom assemblages of pre-acidification have not yet recovered.