Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS11] tsunami deposit

Tue. May 22, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 102 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Tetsuya Shinozaki(Center for Research in Isotopes and Environmental Dynamics (CRiED), University of Tsukuba), Takashi Chiba(Maritime Disaster Prevention Center), Daisuke Ishimura(首都大学東京大学院都市環境科学研究科地理学教室), Chairperson:Ishimura Daisuke(Department of Geography, Tokyo Metropolitan University)

2:00 PM - 2:15 PM

[MIS11-12] Modeling of tsunamis along the Kuril Trench and sandy event deposits in the Pacific coast of Kunashir Island

*Daisuke Sugawara1, Yuichi Nishimura2, Yasuhiro Takashimizu3, Takafumi Enya4, Takashi Chiba5,2 (1.Museum of Natural and Environmental History, Shizuoka, 2.Hokkaido University, 3.Niigata University, 4.Hokkaido Museum, 5.Maritime Disaster Prevention Center)

Keywords:tsunami, Kuril Trench, Kunashir Island, deposit

The Pacific coast of Hokkaido Island, northern Japan, is facing to the risks from large-scale, inter-plate earthquakes in the near future. Previous studies on paleotsunami deposits in Hokkaido suggested that an unusually large-scale earthquake took place some time in the 17th century. However, recurrence and size of such large-scale earthquakes are not yet fully determined, because of sparse availability of the paleotsunami data from adjoining areas, such as the Kuril Islands. Since 2007, the joint surveys in Kunashir and Shikotan Islands by Japanese and Russian researchers have discovered several sandy event layers as candidates for paleotsunami deposits.
In this presentation, origin of the sandy event deposits from the Pacific coast of Kunashir and Shikotan Islands is examined by means of numerical modeling of tsunami hydrodynamics and sediment transport. The preliminary results showed that the tsunami tend to be considerably higher in the northeastern coast, comparing with the southwestern coast of the island. This is because that the southwestern coast of Kunashir Island is located behind the Shikotan and Khabomai Islands; meanwhile the northeastern coast is facing directly to the Kuril Trench. It is likely tsunamis with various sizes can inundate the northeastern coast and leave sedimentary deposits; on the other hand only unusually large-scale tsunamis may inundate the southwestern coast and create sandy layers. In addition to the scenario-based examination, the origin of the possible 1994 tsunami deposits from Kuraoi River, northeastern Kunashir Island, will be investigated. This may provide implications for identification of paleotsunami deposits in this region and reconstruction of the large-scale earthquakes in the past.