Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS14] Biogeochemistry

Wed. May 23, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 101 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Keisuke Koba(Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University), Hideaki Shibata(Field Science Center fot Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University), Naohiko Ohkouchi(海洋研究開発機構, 共同), Youhei Yamashita(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Chairperson:Yamashita Yohei, Iwata Tomoya, Ohkouchi Naohiko

9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

[MIS14-03] Effects of iron enrichment on nitrogen cycle near the subsurface chlorophyll maximun in the subtropical North Pacific

*Shigenobu Takeda1, Yuya Fujita1 (1.Graduate School of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Nagasaki University)

Keywords:Primary nitrite maximum, Phytoplankton, Iron

Mechanisms sustaining a peak in nitrite concentrations at the base of the euphotic zone (primary nitrite maximum, PNM) have remained uncertain, with available data supporting either bacterial nitrification or nitrite release by phytoplankton. Based on the field observations and on board incubation experiments conducted in the subtropical North Pacific, we tested a hypothesis that iron limitation stimulates nitrite release from phytoplankton cells to the surrounding water near the subsurface chlorophyll maximum (SCM) due to inhibition of nitrite metabolic pathway.
Intensive vertical samplings around the SCM along an east-west transect at 23-24°N in the North Pacific showed that the PNMs were 5–25 m deeper than the nitracline and SCM. The incubation experiments confirmed that the phytoplankton assemblage in the SCM were under iron-limitation. At a station where the PNM was observed near the SCM, the iron enrichment resulted in an increase in nitrate consumption and a decrease in nitrite accumulation in the incubation bottles. The bottles incubated under a stronger light intensity than that at the SCM layer also showed similar trend in the nutrient dynamics. These results suggest that the excretion of nitrite by phytoplankton under both iron and light limitation is playing an important role for PNM formation. On the other hand, at a station where the SCM was much shallower than the PNM and the nitracline, the observed nitrite excretion by phytoplankton assemblage in the bottles was not significant probably due to the severe nitrogen limitation at the SCM.