Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS14] Biogeochemistry

Wed. May 23, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 101 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Keisuke Koba(Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University), Hideaki Shibata(Field Science Center fot Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University), Naohiko Ohkouchi(海洋研究開発機構, 共同), Youhei Yamashita(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Chairperson:Koba Keisuke(Kyoto University), Fujii Kazumichi, Sunamura Michinari

4:15 PM - 4:30 PM

[MIS14-16] Estimation of the nitrogen cycle and plant nitrogen source using nitrogen isotope analysis in dryland ecosystem, Northeast Asia.

*Tanaka-Oda Ayumi1, Izuki Endo2, Nobuhito Ohte3, Midori Yano4, Akiko Makabe5, Keisuke Koba6, Jamsran Undarmaa7, Norikazu Yamanaka8, Ken Yoshikawa9 (1.Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, 2.School of Human Science and Environment, University of Hyogo, 3.Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University, 4.Institute for Agro-Environment Sciences, NARO, 5.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 6.Center of ecological research, Kyoto University, 7.Mongolian University of Life Sciences, 8.Arid Land Research Center, Tottori University, 9.Academic and General Okayama University Regional Research Association, Okayama University)

Keywords:Nitrogen isotope ratio, Nitrogen cycle, dryland ecosystem

Nitrogen (N) is one of most restricted nutrient for plant growth in the dryland ecosystems; it is still unclear the mechanisms of plants nutrients absorption from the dry soil. The N isotope ratio (δ15N) of organic and inorganic N reflects N cycle and it also used for estimation of plant N source by comparison with δ15N value in the plants. To better understand the N cycle and plant N uptake in the dryland ecosystem, we analyzed N content and δ15N value of soils and plant foliage in the Mongolian Gobi steppe. We established four typical vegetation plots based on the dominant plant species and topographical conditions; river bottom with halophyte species, riverbank with a large perennial grass community, the upper slope with an isolate grass communities and flat plain with annual forbs. We sampled soil from five depth of the vertical soil layer from the vegetation plots and measured extracted dissolved organic and inorganic N content and δ15N values. We also measured above- and belowground length, N content (N%) and δ15N values. The plants root mostly distributed in the 10-15 cm depth soil layer. The soil inorganic N concentration was extremely limited expect under the large grass communities. The δ15N values of soil nitrate were corresponded with the perennial grass species, while in the other species often had higher δ15N values than soil nitrogen source. From these results, indicated that N cycle in the dryland ecosystems significantly varied with aboveground vegetation and nitrate was one of N source of perennial grass species. For the other plant species dissolved organic N which had higher δ15N values may have some role for N source in the dryland ecosystem.