Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS14] Biogeochemistry

Wed. May 23, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 101 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Keisuke Koba(Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University), Hideaki Shibata(Field Science Center fot Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University), Naohiko Ohkouchi(海洋研究開発機構, 共同), Youhei Yamashita(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Chairperson:Koba Keisuke(Kyoto University), Fujii Kazumichi, Sunamura Michinari

4:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[MIS14-17] Changes of nitrogen utilization in a hinoki cypress plantation at Kochi city for 25 years

*Yoshiyuki Inagaki1, Atsushi Sakai1, Hisao Sakai1 (1.Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute)

Keywords:nitrogen isotopes, nitrogen sources, leaf liter, hinoki cypress, understory vegetation

Hinoki cypress is an evergreen conifer and major plantation species in Japan. During stand development leaf biomass increases and the canopy is closed about 20 years after planting. Low light condition at the forest floor reduces understory vegetation and should cause surface soil erosion. Thinning management in this period should increase abundance of understory vegetation. Therefore competition between hinoki cypress and understory vegetation for light and soil resources may change during forest development. Stable nitrogen isotopes in the soil affected by soil depth and nitrogen forms and the nitrogen isotopes of plant leaves can give us information about soil nitrogen sources. The study investigated changes of nitrogen isotope ratio in the leaves of hinoki cypress and understory vegetation in a forest at Kochi city for 25 years.

Leaf litter fall of hinoki cypress and understory vegetation was 271 g/m2/yr, and 46 g/m2/yr, respectively. Leaf fall of hinoki cypress was not related with stand age while that of understory vegetation increased exponentially. Nitrogen input by leaf litter of hinoki cypress decreased during stand development while it increased exponentially. Nitrogen concentration in the leaves of hinoki cypress and understory was 6.5 mg/g and 11.5mg/g, respectively was not change during stand development. δ15N in the leaves of hinoki cypress and understory vegetation was -3.37‰ and -1.16‰, respectively and annual decrease was 0.05‰ and 0.08‰, respectively. By contrast, annual decrease of δ15N in the total leaves was small (0.014‰). The results suggest the increase of understory vegetation with high δ15N value should keep δ15N in the total leaves relatively constant. Hinoki cypress should change its nitrogen sources having low δ15N to avoid competition with understory vegetation.