Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS16] Dynamics of eruption cloud and cumulonimbus; modelling and remote sensing

Mon. May 21, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 106 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Eiichi Sato(Meteorological Research Institute), Fukashi Maeno(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Takeshi Maesaka(防災科学技術研究所), Chairperson:Sato Eiichi(Meteorological Research Institute)

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[MIS16-04] Wind-tunnel experiment for dynamic of non-spherical particle in upward flow with large velocity fluctuation

*Yasuo Hattori1, Hitoshi Suto1, Keisuke Nakao1, Kiyoshi Toshida1, Mitsuharu Nomura1 (1.Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry)

Keywords:Volcanic plume, Ash transport- and deposition-model, Terminal fall velocity, Particle image velocimetry, Lab test

Accurate descriptions of dynamics of ash-fall in a buoyant upward flow are interest in the development of volcanic plume models. Indeed, for estimating terminal velocities of ash-fall, which is a most important parameter of dynamics, many empirical formulas have been already reported, but there exists considerable scattering of calculations among them (e.g Folch 2012).

In the present study, we examined a measurement for shape and velocity of non-spherical particles, which mimics volcanic ashes, by employing a digital image analysis technique. We configured the experimental setup based on a shadowgraph particle measurement system of Dantec Dynamics. The particles were illuminated by high-intensity pulsed lasers, Nd: YAG laser, with an optical diffuser. A CCD camera was placed in front of the light source, and the camera was equipped with a long-distance microscope lens to obtain visualized images of small particles. We used a vertical wind-tunnel with active turbulence grids to generate upward flows with large-velocity fluctuations (Hattori et al. 2010); the non-spherical particles were seeded into the test-section of the wind tunnel. The effects of large-velocity fluctuations, which is usually observed in volcanic plumes, on the dynamics, such as terminal velocities and rotations of particles, were investigated. More details will be presented in the presentation, and we believe that our study must be helpful to develop the numerical simulation models for volcanic plume flows.

The authors wish to express our gratitude to Mr. Y. Futawatari of Dantec Dynamics, Ltd. for helpful comments on the design of the optical setup, and to Dr. S. Takeuchi for fruitful discussions on this study.