[MIS17-P02] Self-preservation phenomena of methane and ethane mixed-gas hydrates
Keywords:gas hydrate, self preservation effect, methane, ethane
As for sample preparation, we put 0.7g of fine ice powder into a pressure cell (volume: 30mL), introduced methane and ethane mixed-gas, and formed a gas hydrate at 273.2K. The gas hydrate sample was cooled and recovered at the temperature of liquid nitrogen. We controlled the ethane composition of hydrate-bund gas from 2% to 98%, covering the area of methane-rich structure I, ethane-rich structure I, and their intermediate structure II. We measured compositions of methane and ethane by a gas chromatograph. Gas hydrate samples were placed on a temperature-controlled device and kept at 123K for Raman spectroscopy. We measured their Raman spectra of C-H stretching mode (center: 2900cm-1) and C-C stretching mode (center: 1000cm-1) each for ten minutes, and then increased the sample temperature every 10K until complete dissociation. We calculated the Raman peak area for C-H stretching mode of methane and ethane around 2900cm-1 by a peak fitting method and obtained the decrease process of gas hydrate samples with temperature.
In the same conditions of increasing temperature, pure methane hydrate well survived, while pure ethane hydrate completely dissociated around 193K. In the case of mixed-gas system of methane and ethane, the rates of survive for most cases were plotted between those of pure hydrates. However, the rates of survive for samples of low ethane composition (2-5%) were rather larger than that of pure methane hydrate.
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