Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS18] Aqua planetology

Tue. May 22, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 105 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yasuhito Sekine(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Tomohiro Usui(Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Hidenori Genda(東京工業大学 地球生命研究所, 共同), Takazo Shibuya(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chairperson:Sekine Yasuhito(Dept. Earth & Planetary Sci., University of Tokyo), Usui Tomohiro, Fukushi Keisuke

9:15 AM - 9:30 AM

[MIS18-02] Development of observation system of gas hydrate forming in the environment simulated near the bottom of icy shell in icy satellites

*Atsushi Tani1, Mitsuru Suyama1, Ryusuke Nishitani2 (1.Graduate School of Human Development and Environment, Kobe University, 2.Graduate School of Science, Osaka Univeristy)

Keywords:icy moon, icy shell, gas hydrate

Gas hydrates are clathrate compounds where hydrogen-bonded water cages include a guest gas molecule. Methane hydrate is one of famous gas hydrates because it is naturally found in deep-sea and permafrost sediments on the Earth. Gas hydrates would exist in icy moons as well. One of the most likely candidate is Saturn’s icy satellite Enceladus. Enceladus has a global ocean beneath the icy shell. INMS (Ion and Neutral Mass Spectrometer) aboard the Cassini spacecraft has investigated composition of the plumes that includes H2O (< 90 %), CH4, CO2, NH3, and other various organic materials. These results could reflect the composition of the subsurface ocean and imply the presence of clathrate hydrates in the ocean. Bouquet et al. (2015) suggests that the clathrate hydrate should be stable in the subsurface region deeper than 22 km. Density of gas hydrates depends on guest gas molecules. For example, methane hydrate is lighter than the water, whereas CO2 hydrate is heavier. If CO2 hydrate forms at the bottom of the icy shell, the average density may become large and the ice (water ice + CO2 hydrate) may try to sink locally. We have developed the observation system of gas hydrate formation and dissociation below the ice sheet. In the presentation, we report the progress of the observation system.