Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS18] Aqua planetology

Tue. May 22, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 105 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yasuhito Sekine(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Tomohiro Usui(Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Hidenori Genda(東京工業大学 地球生命研究所, 共同), Takazo Shibuya(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chairperson:Sekine Yasuhito(Dept. Earth & Planetary Sci., University of Tokyo), Usui Tomohiro, Fukushi Keisuke

9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

[MIS18-03] A numerical study on dependence of the Earth's climate on solar constant with a general circulation model

Kouki Matsuda2, Yoshiyuki O. Takahashi2, *Masaki Ishiwatari1, Yoshi-Yuki Hayashi2 (1.Department of Cosmosciences, Graduate school of Science, Hokkaido University, 2.Department of Planetology, Graduate School of Science, Kobe University)

Keywords:climate, solar constant, atmospheric general circulation model, energy balance model, globally ice-covered state, runway greenhouse state

Solar constant is one of important parameters causing diversity of the planetary climate. Dependence of planet's climate on solar constant has been investigated with one-dimensional energy balance models (EBMs) and general circulation models (GCMs) (e.g., Ishiwatari et al., 2007). Previous studies showed appearances of globally ice-covered solutions, partially ice-covered solutions, ice-free solutions and runaway greenhouse solutions according to values of solar constant for a configureation of ocean-covered planet. Moreover, the coexistence of multiple states for a certain range of solar constant was also shown. In the previous studies, however, effects of land-ocean distribution and non-grey radiation and cloud were not considered. In this study, we use a non-grey radiation based on the atmospheric composition of the present Earth and the land-ocean distributions same as those of the present Earth, and show dependences of the Earth's climate on solar constant and examined changes of various physical variables according to solar constant.

We use a planetary atmospheric general circulation model (GCM), DCPAM5 (http://www.gfd-dennou.org/library/dcpam/). Dynamical process is calculated by solving the primitive equations with a spectral method. Vertical turbulent mixing process is represented by the Mellor and Yamada (1982) level 2.5 scheme. Cumulus convection is represented by Relaxed Arakawa-Schubert scheme (Mootrhi and Suarez, 1992) and non-convective condensation is represented by a scheme of Le Treut and Li (1991). For radiative process, the Earth radiative scheme (e.g., Chou et al., 2001) is used. On the land surface, the surface and soil temperatures are calculated by a soil heat conduction model, and the soil moisture is calculated by a bucket model (Manabe, 1969). To perform experiments with solar constants different from the present Earth, a slab ocean with depth of 60 m is used for ocean area. Resolution used in this study is T21L26. By the use of the model, we performed 12 experiments with various solar constants and various initial conditions to explore dependence of the Earth's climate on the solar constant. The given solar constant ranges from
1100 Wm2 to 1500 Wm2.

We obtained annual mean fields with various values of solar constants and the relationship between solar constant and ice line latitude. We examined existences of globally ice-covered solutions, partially ice-covered solutions, and ice-free solutions, which had been discovered by Ishiwatari et al. (2007). Further, we investigated initial condition dependence of the system with examining several partially ice-covered solutions with different ice lines under the same value of solar constant by the use of the general circulation model and the energy balance model.