9:30 AM - 9:45 AM
[MIS18-03] A numerical study on dependence of the Earth's climate on solar constant with a general circulation model
Keywords:climate, solar constant, atmospheric general circulation model, energy balance model, globally ice-covered state, runway greenhouse state
We use a planetary atmospheric general circulation model (GCM), DCPAM5 (http://www.gfd-dennou.org/library/dcpam/). Dynamical process is calculated by solving the primitive equations with a spectral method. Vertical turbulent mixing process is represented by the Mellor and Yamada (1982) level 2.5 scheme. Cumulus convection is represented by Relaxed Arakawa-Schubert scheme (Mootrhi and Suarez, 1992) and non-convective condensation is represented by a scheme of Le Treut and Li (1991). For radiative process, the Earth radiative scheme (e.g., Chou et al., 2001) is used. On the land surface, the surface and soil temperatures are calculated by a soil heat conduction model, and the soil moisture is calculated by a bucket model (Manabe, 1969). To perform experiments with solar constants different from the present Earth, a slab ocean with depth of 60 m is used for ocean area. Resolution used in this study is T21L26. By the use of the model, we performed 12 experiments with various solar constants and various initial conditions to explore dependence of the Earth's climate on the solar constant. The given solar constant ranges from
1100 Wm2 to 1500 Wm2.
We obtained annual mean fields with various values of solar constants and the relationship between solar constant and ice line latitude. We examined existences of globally ice-covered solutions, partially ice-covered solutions, and ice-free solutions, which had been discovered by Ishiwatari et al. (2007). Further, we investigated initial condition dependence of the system with examining several partially ice-covered solutions with different ice lines under the same value of solar constant by the use of the general circulation model and the energy balance model.