Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS18] Aqua planetology

Tue. May 22, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 105 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yasuhito Sekine(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Tomohiro Usui(Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Hidenori Genda(東京工業大学 地球生命研究所, 共同), Takazo Shibuya(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chairperson:Shibuya Takazo(JAMSTEC), Fukushi Keisuke, Sekine Yasuhito(Dept. Earth & Planetary Sci., University of Tokyo)

2:30 PM - 2:45 PM

[MIS18-10] Water-Rock-Organic interaction system to synthesis peptides under the Enceladus hydrothermal condition

*Wataru Takahagi1,2, Kaito Seo2,3, Yoshinori Takano1, Takazo Shibuya1, Masafumi Saitoh4, Shigeru Shimamura1, Yohei Matsui1, Kosuke Fujishiima5, Masaru Tomita2,3, Ken Takai1 (1.Japan Agency for Earth-Marine Science and Technology, 2.Institute of Advanced Biosciences, Keio University, 3.Department of Environment and Information Studies, Keio University, 4.Univeristé Jean Monnet, 5.Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Keywords:Enceladus, Water-Rock-Organic interaction, Hydrothermal system, Peptide, Chemical evolution

Chemical evolution is an abiotic reaction process in which complex organic molecules arise from a combination of simple inorganic and organic chemical compounds. In order to assess the ongoing chemical evolution at the subsurface ocean of Saturn ’s icy satellite Enceladus, we focus to explore the water-rock reaction and the possibility of peptide formation under Enceladus hydrothermal environment. It has been suggested that the core of Enceladus has never experienced a high temperature environment from the time of satellite formation to the present. The major component of the core is assumed to be carbonaceous chondrites and thus, simple organic substances including amino acids are likely to be present under Enceladus alkaline seawater. In this study, we conducted a laboratory-based simulation experiment to describe the chemical alteration of six prebiotically abundant amino acids over 147 days under high pressure and thermal cycling system (30 ℃ to 100 ℃) to simulate the water-rock interface of Enceladus ocean. We found out that autocatalytic reaction starting from Gly-Gly promoted subsequent dipeptide formation, suggesting that organic matter diversity in Enceladus seawater was self-sufficient. We suggest that various dipeptide and other organic matter diversity plays an important contribution to the ongoing chemical evolution in the Enceladus.