[MIS18-P02] Dynamics of icy crust of Enceladus with tidal heating and asymmetric distribution of heat source in internal ocean
Here we develop a numerical model of icy crust dynamics including the tidal heating based on numerical mantle convection simulation model of the Earth. For the tidal heating in the icy crust, we impose an analytical solution of tidal deformation considering viscoelasticity in a thin shell on the surface (See Ojakangas and Stevenson, 1989). Moreover, we include asymmetric distribution of heat source in the internal ocean for exhibiting active tectonics in southern hemisphere.
Our preliminary results indicate that, with imposing tidal heating, high temperature along the poles and low temperature along the equator throughout the icy crust. However, such a feature is disappeared with asymmetric distribution of heat source in the internal ocean and small-scale plumes come up from the bottom of icy crust in southern hemisphere. It seems that, for understanding the active tectonics in southern hemisphere of icy crust in Enceladus, a heterogeneous distribution of heat source in the internal ocean may be significant rather than the tidal heating effect. However, this interpretation would not be sufficient because, in the current model, an effect of orbital resonance between Saturn and Enceladus is not incorporated. In the presentation, we will also show how the orbital resonance may affect the convective dynamics in the icy crust of Enceladus and give further discussion on formation of surface geologic feature in Enceladus.