Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS20] Evolution of the Pelagic Realm

Wed. May 23, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 101 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Atsushi Matsuoka(Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University), Toshiyuki Kurihara(Graduate School of Science and Technology, Niigata University), Tetsuji Onoue(熊本大学大学院自然科学研究科, 共同), Katsunori Kimoto(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chairperson:Kurihara Toshiyuki, Matsuoka Atsushi, Onoue Teesuji(Earth and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University)

3:00 PM - 3:15 PM

[MIS20-06] Multivariate analysis on geochemical data of the Cenozoic deep-sea sediments: A milestone toward deciphering the evolution of the pelagic realm through the Phanerozoic eon

★Invited Papers

*Kazutaka Yasukawa1,2, Koichiro Fujinaga2,1, Kentaro Nakamura1, Hikaru Iwamori3,4, Yasuhiro Kato1,2,3 (1.School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2.ORCeNG, Chiba Institute of Technology, 3.JAMSTEC, 4.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Keywords:deep-sea sediment, multivariate analysis, independent component analysis, accretionary complex

Deep-sea sediments are important record media of the changes in global climate, tectonics, and geochemical cycles, both in the present and the past oceans. From a different point of view, a certain type of sediment is enriched in industrially critical metals and thus expected as a promising resource in near future. For the purpose of clarifying the origin(s) of rare-earth elements and yttrium (REY)-rich mud, we have constructed a huge dataset of bulk chemical composition of deep-sea sediments from more than 100 sites in the Pacific and Indian oceans. By applying a multivariate statistical technique called independent component analysis (ICA) to the hemisphere-scale dataset, we extracted statistically independent components (ICs) that characterize the geochemical signatures in the Cenozoic deep-sea sediments. Moreover, by combining the ICs with depositional ages and reconstructed plate motions, we visualized the spatiotemporal variations of the ICs over the past 65 million years (Yasukawa et al., 2016). In the presentation, we will discuss the potential for the extension of the multivariate statistical approach to the accretionary complex that records the oceanographic information older than the Cretaceous.