Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-ZZ Others

[M-ZZ41] Marine manganese deposits: from basic to applied sciences

Wed. May 23, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A11 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Akira Usui(Marine Core Research Center, Kochi University), Yoshio Takahashi(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Katsuhiko Suzuki(国立研究開発法人海洋研究開発機構・海底資源研究開発センター, 共同), Takashi Ito(Faculty of Education, Ibaraki University), Chairperson:Usui Akira, Suzuki Katsuhiko(JAMSTEC), Takahashi Yoshio(東京大学)

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[MZZ41-04] Mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of manganese mineral particles in the South Pacific Gyre sediment

*Go-Ichiro Uramoto1,2, Yuki Morono2, Naotaka Tomioka2, Shigeyuki Wakaki2, Ryoichi Nakada2, Rota Wagai3, Kentaro Uesugi4, Akihisa Takeuchi4, Masato Hoshino4, Yoshio Suzuki4,5, Satoshi Mitsunobu6, Fumito Shiraishi7, Hiroki Suga7, Yasuo Takeichi8, Yoshio Takahashi5, Fumio Inagaki2 (1.Kochi University, 2.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3.National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, 4.Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, 5.University of Tokyo, 6.Ehime University, 7.Hiroshima University, 8.High Energy Accelerator Research Organization)

Keywords:Mn mineral particle, pelagic clay, South Pacific Gyre

Manganese mineral deposits widely occur on the seafloor of abyssal plains as nodules consisting of manganese, iron and various trace metal elements. Accumulation of the vast mineral deposits play important roles in the global manganese cycle. However, no clear picture has yet emerged as to the nature of these minerals in entirely oxic deep-sea sediments. During the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 329, we drilled the entire sedimentary sequence at 6 sites in the ultra-oligotrophic region of the South Pacific Gyre (SPG), where dissolved O2 and aerobic microbial communities are present from the seafloor to the sediment-basement interface [1]. We observed abundant micrometer-scale particles of ferromanganese minerals in oxic pelagic clay sediments of the SPG over 100 million years. Three-dimensional micro-texture and elemental composition analyses using electron microscopy, mass-spectrometry and synchrotron-based spectroscopy approaches revealed that most Mn-microparticles are poorly crystalline ferromanganese minerals that contain various trace metals and carbon species, indicating that Mn-microparticles are possibly derived from the oxidation and precipitation of dissolved manganese in deep-sea water.
[1] D’Hondt, S., Inagaki, F., Zarikian, C. A., Abrams, L. J., Dubois, N., Engelhardt, T., Evans, H., Ferdelman, T., Gribsholt, B., Harris, R. N., Hoppie, B. W., Hyun, J.-H., Kallmeyer, J., Kim. J., Lynch, J. E., McKinley, C. C., Mitsunobu, S., Morono, Y., Murray, R. W., Pockalny, R., Sauvage, J., Shimono, T., Shiraishi, F., Smith, D. C.,
Smith-Duque, C., Spivack, A. J., Steinsbu, B. O., Suzuki, Y., Szpak, M., Toffin, L., Uramoto, G., Yamaguchi, T. Y., Zhang, G., Zhang, X.-H., and Ziebis, W. Presence of oxygen and aerobic communities from seafloor to basement in deep-sea sediment. Nature Geosciences, 8(4), 299-304, 2015.